Modern dentists use X-rays, which allows, at minimum radiation doses, to get the most complete picture of the condition of the teeth and oral cavity of patients.
The features of the structure of the teeth greatly complicate the diagnosis of certain conditions of the cavity of the mouth that need treatment. After all, we see only half of the tooth - a crown, the other parts of the tooth are hidden from our eyes. And problems can arise not only in the visible part of the tooth.
Often radiotherapy of teeth is the only way that allows you to diagnose.
Roentgenography: application in dentistry
X-ray is used in virtually all areas of dentistry:
- Prosthetics and implantation.
Modern dentistry uses the devices of the latest generation -radiovizographs, which allow you to output X-rays not on the film, but on the monitor.
A special radiosecond sensor is attached to the tooth, and with the help of the RENTRENOVSK apparatus the picture is taken. Then the image is processed by a special program and displayed on the computer screen.
The radio-visualograph allows you to reduce the radiation dose by tens of times, so the level of radiation in radiography does not pose a danger to the health of the patient.
Types of X-ray of the teeth
- X-rays with delicate fixation are the most common type of oral x-ray. It allows you to get a picture of the upper and lower teeth, to diagnose interdental caries and periodontitis.
- Periopic X-ray - X-ray of one tooth, fully shows the entire tooth, including the root, as well as the part of the jaw near it. Allows you to diagnose problems such as abscess, cyst, tumor.
- Occlusion (or chamber) X-rays - allows you to make a general picture of all teeth of the upper or lower jaw.
- The panoramic X-ray is the only shot of the entire oral cavity, including all upper and lower teeth, as well as both jaws.
Problems that X-ray Detects
With the help of X-rays, experts can identify the following problems of teeth or oral cavity:
- Reduction or increase in the number of teeth in comparison with the norm;
- Reduce or increase the size of the teeth in comparison with the norm;
- Split teeth;
- Cause of delay in teething;
- Presence of a wrong bite;
- Pathological processes (abscess, cyst, tumor, fracture, osteomyelitis);
- Carious lesions under crowns, seals, on the roots of teeth;
- Depth and size of carious cavity;
- The condition of the root canal of the tooth;
- Development of pulpitis;
- Development of periodontal diseases.
X-rays are not given to the following patients:
- Pregnant women (especially in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy);
- Patients who are in serious condition;
- Sick with bleeding.