A few years ago, the wisdom teeth were practically not treated, but immediately removed. Today, dentistry relates to this issue differently: the individual features of the patient are taken into account.
Why is a wisdom toothache?
Usually in a person four teeth are cut out later than others. They are called the teeth of wisdom. Sometimes they do not perforate at all, but they grow more often after 18 years, causing discomfort and provoking serious complications.
The wisdom tooth is the last in the dentition. Since his neighbor supports only one side, he can begin to grow aside. The gum for its eruption is not prepared, since the milk teeth did not grow to it.
The causes of the pain of sprouting the wisdom tooth
The main cause of morbidity is that for the wisdom teeth of the modern man's jaw there is not enough space (the ancestors of the structure and form of the jaw were larger). This leads to a transverse or distorted eruption of the extreme molar relative to the tooth row and jaw bone (dystopia). This is the cause of unbearable pain and inflammation of gum tissues.
The growth of a tooth of wisdom can trigger trigeminal nerve inflammation, which causes headaches, throats, ears, neck and even the upper part of the chest.
Sometimes the wisdom teeth are cut in full. In this case, there will be persistent pain in the area not revealed gums, early caries of the root tooth, the smell of the mouth.
Wisdom tooth: remove
Modern dentistry still insists on removing the extreme tooth, if its eruption causes discomfort to a person. Removing a tooth of wisdom is also recommended for patients with normally developed healthy other teeth.
Distorted wisdom teeth can not be corrected, and any treatment, including the elimination of caries, is a very painful procedure. Therefore, doctors remain categorical in this issue: it is impossible to leave.
Moreover, molars are very poorly cleaned at home, as a result, extreme molars become centers of infection, including for adjacent teeth, and cause the removal of several damaged teeth in a row.
The wisdom tooth extraction operation is performed under local anesthesia. The removal procedure itself is painless, leaving no unpleasant consequences. Treatment after surgery in the oral cavity is similar to treating after the removal of any other root tooth, but you may need to take antibiotics and additional painkillers.
Wisdom tooth: leave
Most often, the wisdom tooth clears completely normal:
- Is in the right position;
- Not covered with gums;
- Does not deliver any problems.
This tooth, of course, can not be removed, but requires more thorough control of the patient and dentist. It is necessary once every six months to conduct professional cleaning of the entire oral cavity and seal the fissures (chewing surface) to prevent the formation of caries.
Also, the deletion does not apply and with small deviations from the norm. To decide on the treatment methods, the dentist must study the location of the wisdom tooth, the direction of his roots surrounding his soft and firm tissues.
Even if the tissues surrounding the extreme molar are ignited, it is possible to save the tooth, but only if the wisdom tooth grows in the right direction or there is only a slight displacement in the direction of the adjoining tooth. In this case, the inflammation is treated, the tooth can not be removed.