Muscular tissue of a person is in constant stress, because the slightest effect involves the activity of thousands of muscle fibers.
Normal functioning of the muscular system requires the elasticity of its tissues, but often after excessive physical activity, the tension in the muscle remains even after its completion.
In some cases, such processes take place unobtrusively, while in others, people experience prolonged pain and impair their ability to function.
Indeed, unlike cramps, spasm of muscles does not pass quickly and can even deprive a person of mobility.
Causes of muscle spasm
Specialists among the causes of muscle spasm distinguish three main:
- Physical injuries of different character;
- Prolonged static tension of the muscles;
- Emotional overvoltages.
All kinds of strokes and injuries are the most common cause of muscle spasm, in which, in response to pain, muscle tension occurs, contributing to the development of the so-called trigger syndrome. Often, such a symptom is a consequence of a birth trauma, since the childbirth itself - an extremely traumatic process.
Spasm of the neck muscles, obtained by a person at birth, remains for his life and prevents proper nutrition of the brain. Prolonged static tension of the muscles, as a rule, is due to the prolonged stay of the human body in an uncomfortable position. Such muscular tension is typical for many office workers and for all those who for a long time working in a sedentary position. It can occur even when a person always wears a heavy bag on one shoulder.
That is, if the muscles are in a tense state for a long time, they seem to get used to it and start to support it. Thus, if the affected area does not relax and the person does not take any measures, the muscle spasm in this area can disturb him constantly.
Often, the cause of muscle spasms is strong emotional stress. Therefore, it should be remembered that all kinds of negative experiences very quickly provoke this ailment. This is due to the fact that the emergence of a stressful situation is regarded by the body as a condition in which the mobilization of resources is required. Thus, certain blood hormones are emitted into the bloodstream, palpitations are more frequent, processes of the digestive system become more difficult, muscle tone increases.
As soon as the emotional tension drops, the body, as a rule, begins to return to its usual state. However, sometimes such relaxation does not occur, and muscle spasm on the basis of a stressful situation becomes chronic.
Often the cause of muscle spasm is such a common disease as osteochondrosis and its various manifestations. Often, these are hernias of intervertebral discs and protrusions.
Drugs that remove spasm of the muscles
It is necessary to know that muscle spasm does not occur on its own: it is a reaction of the body to pain. Therefore, before disassembling how to remove spasm of the muscles, it should be noted that its removal also involves getting rid of pain.
That is, the removal of muscle spasms consists of three important factors:
- Ensuring complete rest of the affected area of the body;
- Removal of pain with general anesthetic drugs, as well as in some cases local effects with injections into the affected area;
- Use of pharmacological drugs that remove muscle spasm and have a relaxing effect.
Of course, many people take analgesic analgesics to relieve their pain, and other medicines are used to get rid of muscle spasms. But it should be noted that more often doctors prescribe combined medications that relieve muscle spasm and pain at the same time.
Such drugs are called spasmoprotective analgesics. Among them, the most effective ones are: Trigan; Spasmagon; Baralgin; No-Shpa; Dibazole These drugs have a direct effect on muscle cells, which promotes rapid relaxation of spasm, and, consequently, painful sensations.
However, it is worth saying that in many diseases of the musculoskeletal system it is better to take relaxants, which are more effective in removing spasms of the skeletal muscles.
However, before taking such drugs for the removal of muscle spasm, it is necessary to consult a physician: they usually have many side effects.
Treatment of muscle spasm
Treatment of muscle spasm, unlike taking the above drugs, involves not just getting rid of pain and unpleasant sensations, but also the causes of their occurrence. Therefore, it is necessary not only to know how to remove muscle spasm, but also to establish the diagnosis that provoked it to take the necessary measures.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are often equated with analgesics, although this is incorrect, since the mechanism of action on pain is completely different. Anti-inflammatory and anti-edema properties of nonsteroidal drugs not only relieve pain, but also treat their cause (inflammation), in contrast to analgesic agents. That is why they have a stronger effect.
Treatment of muscle spasm with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can take only 1-2 days. However, it should be noted that the contraindication to the use of such drugs, in addition to the individual intolerance of its components, as a rule, are various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In the presence of diseases such as stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer, the use of nonsteroidal drugs is strictly contraindicated.
Specialists use the safest method of using such drugs as rectal candles. Often the course in a few days relieves muscle spasms.