Scientists have counted statistics on the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the last decade and came to disappointing conclusions.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains as dangerous: from 1998 to 2009, she was fourth in the ranking of illnesses with fatal outcome.
In 2007-2009, this diagnosis was raised to 12 million people, 7.5 million of whom are women. In Ukraine, according to various data, COPD affects 11 million people, although official statistics only recognize 1 million, which is due to late diagnosis.
Causes of COPD
In addition to the gender risk of developing pulmonary disease, researchers note and economic: COPD is more common in those who live below the poverty line.
A certain role also plays the age. In most cases, the disease affects men from 75 to 84 years and women 65 to 74 years.
The development of COPD primarily promotes smoking (according to the American Medical Association, up to 90% of them die from the disease - smokers) and the type of activity (work involving contact with harmful particles).
In the group of special risk - miners, coal miners, builders working with cement, railway workers, workers of the pulp and paper industry, persons engaged in the processing of grain and cotton. Dust containing cadmium and silicon is the most dangerous source of COPD in the production.
Currently, COCs can not be fully cured. Existing therapeutic methods (prophylaxis, the use of bronchodilators, mucolytics, glucocorticoids, antibiotics and, in some cases, surgical treatment up to lung transplantation) are aimed at alleviating the symptoms of the disease and preventing the narrowing of the respiratory tract, as well as combating the pathological response of the lungs and joining the infection.
Consequences of this illness often become disability and disability.
Denial of smoking, not only active but also passive, as well as a range of occupational safety measures can do a lot to prevent mortality and disability as a result of this disease.