Atherosclerosis, if it is not timely diagnose and not treated, can become the cause of chronic or acute vascular insufficiency. And the chronic condition of this phenomenon leads to a gradual narrowing of the arterial lumen and is called already stenotic atherosclerosis, which causes insufficiency of blood supply to the body or its part. This leads to ischemia, hypoxia, dystrophic and atrophic changes, enlargement of the connective tissue and the development of small-squamous sclerosis. Sometimes there are ruptures of aneurysm of the artery with a fatal outcome.
The risk of this disease is obvious and therefore it is necessary to carefully consider the diagnosis of atherosclerosis in the early stages and immediately start its treatment. Initial information on atherosclerosis is established by identifying patient complaints and identifying risk factors. Usually such patients are assigned a cardiologist's consultation. An overview can reveal the primary signs of atherosclerotic lesions of the vessels of the internal organs. These are swelling, and trophic disorders, and weight loss, and the appearance of multiple fatty substances on the body. In the process of auscultation of the cardiovascular vessels, the cardiologist aortic detects systolic noise, changes in pulsations of the arteries, and increased blood pressure.
Laboratory studies confirm the doctor's suspicion - data indicate elevated blood cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, triglycerides. Also, an effective method for diagnosis of atherosclerosis - X-ray on an aortography, which reveals elongation of the aorta, its consolidation, calcinosis, expansion in the abdominal or thoracic regions, the presence of aneurysms. To detect coronary arteries, coronary angiography is performed. There is also angiography (contrast X-ray) - a diagnostic method in which blood flow disturbances in other arteries are determined.
In some cases, physicians conduct UZDG of the kidney vessels to check for the presence or absence of atherosclerosis of the renal arteries and related renal dysfunction. Different methods of ultrasound diagnostics of the arteries of the heart, lower limbs, aorta, carotid arteries, in which the reduction of the main blood flow is observed on them, the presence of atheromatous plaques and blood clots in the vascular lungs, are effective in diagnosis. Also, a decrease in blood flow can be determined by the use of the reovasography of the lower extremities. For the most part in the treatment of atherosclerosis, experts are trying to maximize the flow of cholesterol in the body, and hence - and reduce its synthesis of tissue cells; To increase the output of cholesterol and its metabolites from the body. Most doctors use substitution therapy for estrogen in women during menopause.
Naturally, it is possible to achieve a reduction in cholesterol, by appointing diets that exclude foods that contain cholesterol. When medically treated with atherosclerosis, nicotinic acid and its derivatives, fibrates, sequestrants of bile acids are used.
But the most effective in the fight against cholesterol are preparations of the group of statins (mevakor, zookor, lawhool), which is recommended to take overnight, when the synthesis of cholesterol in the body increases.