Rosacea or a more well-known other name for this disease is pink acne. We treat rosacea.
What is rosacea
Rosacea is a chronic skin disease, characterized by a long course and mainly a vascular bed.
The disease usually develops at the age of 40-50 years, women suffer more often. Among patients, people with light, thin skin and blue eyes prevail.
Rosacea proceeds long, the disease is quite resistant to treatment, as the causes of its appearance are extremely diverse.
Causes of the disease
The views of researchers on the theory of the emergence of rosacea are constantly changing.
More recently, one of the main roles in his appearance was given microscopic to each demodex tick. Normally, it is present on the skin of healthy people, but in some situations, it activates and develops the disease. It is now believed that the mite causes a separate pathology - demodicosis. When rosacea demodicosis occurs quite often, but it does not cause mites due to pink acne.
The main cause of rosacea is a violation of the regulation of vascular tone from the central nervous system. Venous stasis develops in the vessels of the person causing it to redden, often with a bluish tint.
A certain role in the appearance of the disease is played by Helicobacter pylori. This microbe lives in the mucous membrane of the stomach and the initial divisions of the duodenum, in some cases causing gastritis and ulcers. Patients with rosacea often find diseases of the gastrointestinal tract that are associated with the bacterium.
In women, the onset of the disease often coincides with the onset of menopause, as hormonal changes at this time lead to a violation of the tone of the vascular wall.
The provocative factors of the development of pink acne are:
- Reception of hot liquids and food,
- Spicy and spicy foods,
- Visiting baths, saunas
- Cold wind
That is all that contributes to the expansion of blood vessels. Also, it often leads to the onset of hormonal contraceptives and prolonged use of corticosteroid creams.
Despite the fact that when rosacea on the skin are often observed pustular elements, the role of infection is not proven. The contents of abscesses are usually sterile.
How to suspect rosacea
The onset of the disease is usually imperceptible. The patient begins to notice that in certain situations his face is easily reddened. Usually cheeks, chin, nose are prone to this. In the future, on the background of reddened skin there are nodules and pustules, some red blood vessels.
Subsequently, the skin in the affected areas becomes dense. In men, at the last stage of development of rosacea, the shape of the nose changes. It looks like a potato, the skin on it is dense, bluish-purple shade. Such a change in nose is called Rinofima.
Treatment of rosacea
Diagnosis is easy to put, based on changes in the skin of the patient. Additionally, they take a scamper on demodex and carry out research on the gastrointestinal tract.
Treatment of rosacea is carried out jointly by a dermatologist and a cosmetologist. Inside, prescribe metronidazole, vitamin preparations. Outwardly, lesions are made with green tea, to calm the skin and remove the itch, and then apply a gel with metronidazole.
In the treatment of rosacea much help is provided by microcurrent therapy. The course of ten procedures can significantly accelerate the healing of the skin and remove the inflammatory reaction. When the acuity of the process is eliminated, physioprocesses are initiated to eliminate visible vessels and skin irregularities. For this optimum fitting is a photo-stimulation, laser therapy, electrocoagulation.