What is reflux ezophagitis?

Reflux Esophagitis 1 (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Reflux esophagitis - is the rejection of the contents of the stomach in the esophagus and caused by inflammation of the esophagus.

In order to understand what is a reflux esophagitis, let us dwell a bit in anatomy.

The chest cavity from the abdominal wall separates the diaphragm - the muscular-tendon partition. In the diaphragm there is an esophageal hole in which the esophagus descends and passes into the stomach. The part where the esophagus passes into the stomach is called cardiac. Muscle fibers in this part form a sphincter, which is closed out of swallowing. If everything is in order and the sphincter is closed, food and gastric juice from the stomach do not fall into the esophagus. If there is a violation, the hernia is formed in the esophagus of the diaphragm.

The cardiac part of the stomach is shifted to the chest cavity, and the stomach contents is freely thrown into the esophagus. As a rule, in the stomach there is hydrochloric acid, which burns the mucous membrane of the esophagus and leads to its inflammation - esophagitis. Sometimes it is so strong that the clinical picture resembles a chemical or thermal burn of the esophagus.

Symptoms of reflux esophagitis

This disease gives the patient a lot of suffering. He is concerned about heartburn and burning pain in the epigastric region and behind the sternum. The pain may be aggravated after taking food, especially if the patient immediately falls after eating. It is aching and dull, with most of the pain spreading to the area of ​​the heart, the left shoulder blade and the left shoulder.

Even an experienced specialist sometimes finds it difficult to distinguish the symptoms of reflux esophagitis from attacks of angina pectoris. However, using an X-ray examination, the doctor can accurately diagnose.

Treatment and prevention of reflux esophagitis

More 50 years ago, worldwide reflux esophagitis, caused by a hernia of the esophagus of the diaphragm, was treated only by surgical intervention. Today, the indications for surgery have fallen sharply. Only when there are severe complications (bleeding, ulceration, narrowing of the esophagus), surgical intervention is used.

Now treatment of reflux esophagitis is reduced to the appointment of a diet and a healthy diet. If patients strictly fulfill all prescriptions of doctors, such conservative therapy gives positive results in more than 80% of patients.

Strengthening reflux esophagitis contributes to overcrowded stomach, so the portions should be small, and nutrition - fractional. Take food should be calm, carefully chewing everything. In the intervals between meals, you should not drink juices, water and any other liquid.

At times, in order to get rid of heartburn, patients can do a few drops of water, but the relief that comes in is short-lived. Not very often, an hour before meals, you can drink Borjomi without carbon dioxide or a solution of soda (1 teaspoon of soda on a glass of warm water).

To prevent the disease from progressing, the pepper, mustard, sauces, strong tea, coffee, pickles, marinade, fresh and pickled cabbage, beans, beans, and black bread should be completely eliminated from the diet as all these products contribute to the formation of gases. Alcohol and tobacco are categorically contraindicated.

It is highly undesirable to take dasgs containing acetylsalicylic acid during reflux esophagitis. It enhances gastric secretion and irritates the mucous membrane of the esophagus.

After eating, do not go to bed. Situation sitting or standing accelerates the evacuation of the contents of the stomach. Dinner should be 3-4 hours before bedtime. It is recommended to sleep in a semi-sitting position, having put some pillows. Try to avoid work in the tilt position of the trunk.

In reflux esophagitis, it is necessary to fight all the forces with constipation, as they can increase intra-abdominal pressure. However, prolonged use of any laxative is addictive, so these funds should be alternated.

Reception of vegetable or vaseline oil also protects the mucous membrane of the esophagus from gastric juice. A beneficial effect on the inflammation process is given by a broth of chamomile, which is to be taken in small portions, drinking not more than one glass per day.

What is reflux ezophagitis?

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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