What is laparoscopy

What Is Laparoscopic Surgery? - Explained By Dr.J.S.Rajkumar, Lifeline Hospitals Chennai (Health And Medical Video May 2018).

Diagnostic and therapeutic laparoscopy is widely used in surgery. This method allows solving problems of removal of internal organs, tumors, adhesions, and also serves for the treatment of female infertility.

Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure performed by a special optic-fiber instrument - a laparoscope, through small cuts in the abdomen.

This method is used for the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases of the abdominal cavity:

  • Removal of cysts;
  • At bariatric surgery (get rid of excess weight);
  • When removing some internal organs.

Diagnostic laparoscopy gives surgeons the opportunity to see a clear image of the investigating organ on the video monitor and to provide an accurate diagnosis. When treated through small incisions, the necessary surgical instruments are introduced and education is extracted that requires removal.

Laparoscopy: Indications

Laparoscopy is widely used in surgery. For example, to remove or restore internal organs: gallbladder, appendix, spleen, kidneys, bladder, fallopian tubes when removing ectopic pregnancy.

Indications for such an intervention may also be:

  • Internal bleeding
  • Need for surgery on the stomach;
  • Tumors of the reproductive system;
  • Hernia;
  • Adhesions and cysts.

Laparoscopy is successfully used in the treatment of female infertility, endometriosis and polycystic ovaries.

The advantages of laparoscopy

In comparison with cavitary operations, laparoscopy has a number of important benefits.

  • This method is less traumatic to the patient, since the sections needed for surgery are much smaller, so recovery is faster.
  • Within hours after the operation, the patient can get up and walk.
  • During the operation blood loss is much lower, there is no contact with gauze napkins, tampons or gloves of the surgeon, which reduces the risk of developing infections and postoperative adhesions.
  • Due to the small size of the seams, there is no discrepancy.
  • Laparoscopy practically does not leave scars.

Laparoscopy: minuses and contraindications

Surgical intervention of any nature is a risk to the body. In the case of laparoscopy, it is reduced to a minimum. The obvious disadvantage, as in the case of other operations, is general anesthesia (anesthesia). Its tolerance depends on the individual characteristics of the person and is controlled by a doctor-anesthesiologist.

During laparoscopy, there is also the risk of damage to the internal organs at the time of insertion of instruments, which depends on the skill of the surgeon.

After surgical intervention in very rare cases bleeding of operated organs and infections may occur. To avoid such effects, it is important to determine the presence of contraindications for laparoscopy. It can be blood disease, violation of its coagulation, obesity, infectious diseases, pregnancy.

What is laparoscopy

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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