Hernia of the intervertebral disc - a common pathology, the result of degenerative-dystrophic processes occurring in the intervertebral discs due to the development and progression of osteochondrosis of the spine.
Osteochondrosis and osteoarthritis - "illnesses of old age", they occur in all without exception. Often these diseases become clinically significant after 50-60 years. However, in the presence of risk factors, the first symptoms of the disease can appear in the 25-30 years of age.
Risk factors for the development of osteochondrosis
· Sluggish lifestyle.
· Work at a computer.
· Increased flexibility (hypermobility syndrome).
· Injuries to the back.
· Congenital pathology of the bone and muscular system (kyphosis, scoliosis).
· Breach of posture.
· Excessive exercise and exercise.
What is an intervertebral hernia
The human spine performs an important function - it serves as a support for other parts of the skeleton and internal organs. Between the vertebrae are cartilaginous gaskets - intervertebral discs representing elastic disks of dense fibrous tissue (capsules) filled with liquid contents with gelatinous nucleus in the center.
With age, the capsule of the intervertebral disc becomes less elastic, is leaked with salts of calcium, is covered with cracks. Due to the effect of any provocative factor (eg, falling, unsuccessful movement) on the changed intervertebral disc, the latter is displaced in one direction or another in relation to the vertebra (protrusion, or disk hernia). In this case, the pressure on the disk is distributed unevenly, on the disk capsule there is a tightening that breaks out, after which the liquid gagged disk core enters the surrounding space. This phenomenon is called sequestration of intervertebral hernia.