What is gingivitis

Health And Medical Video: What Is Gingivitis? (July 2019).


Illness and bleeding of the gums can lead to rapid loss of teeth.

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gum mucosa. The disease is widespread. They most often suffer from pregnancy and adolescents (this is due to hormonal changes in the body during this period). Without proper treatment of the disease complicated periodontitis, which can lead to loss of teeth.

Causes of gingivitis

  • Tooth growth;
  • Wrong bite;
  • avitaminosis;
  • Pathology of the organs of the abdominal cavity;
  • Weak immunity;
  • Injuries of the oral cavity physical, chemical, biological;
  • Iatrogenic states, etc.

The most common cause of gingivitis is the infection of the oral cavity due to the lack of proper hygiene (rests of food), as well as tooth-stone, plaque, incorrectly placed seals, breathing through the mouth, and smoking.

In children, the common cause of gingivitis is carious teeth, since up to seven years of age the immunity is only formed.

Gingivitis is accompanied by patients with diseases of the liver and gall bladder, rheumatism, tuberculosis, diabetes, nephropathies, and the like.

Types of gingivitis

Gingivitis is catarrhal, ulcerous-necrotic, hypertrophic and atrophic. There are sharp and chronic forms of the disease. The disease is exacerbated in the winter-spring period, when gum bleeding is intensified.

In the generalized form, the inflammatory process develops in the area of ​​all teeth, the localized form is manifested in the area of ​​one or more teeth.

Catarrhal gingivitis is manifested by redness, swelling of the mucous membrane of the gums, and bleeding. The patient complains of a small itchy gum, pain during eating.

When ulcerous-necrotic gingivitis on the gum mucosa there are ulcers and necrosis, which is accompanied by an unpleasant smell in the mouth, a sharp pain of gums.

The general condition of the body also worsens, the patient feels a general weakness, a possible increase in body temperature to 39º, an increase in lymph nodes.

With hypertrophic gingivitis, the gums, which cover the part of the tooth, are enlarged. At first, the disease does not manifest itself. Later, bleeding and pain in the gums occur when they touch them and during eating.

In atrophic gingivitis, on the contrary, there is a decrease in the volume of gum tissues (atrophy), the level of gums is lowered, and it reveals the root of the tooth. Atrophic gingivitis is manifested by cold or hot pain.

For prevention of gingivitis it is necessary

  • Brush your teeth regularly;
  • Use dental floss;
  • Every 3-6 months do professional teeth cleaning at the dentist.

Uncomplicated gingivitis lasts 7-10 days, chronic need to be heavily treated. If gingivitis is triggered, then there is a risk of developing periodontitis, which leads to loss of teeth more often than caries.

Treatment of gingivitis should be done only by a dentist.

What is gingivitis
Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases