Succulents can lead to the development of general intoxication of the body and even sepsis. What it is?
Spills arise due to nutritional deficiencies (trophies) of tissues, as well as prolonged loading on separate parts of the body. Most often, bedsores are formed in the area of the coccyx, Kuprok, buttocks, rarely - in the area of the nape, the edges, the hip joint and the heel.
The bedspreads are dangerous because the damage to the tissues affects not only the skin, but also suffer from bones that form deep cavities and pockets (more often when there are bedsores in the area of the hip joint and the buttocks).
First and foremost, bedsores are dangerous for the development of general intoxication and sepsis. More rare complications of bedsores include inflammation of the periosteum and bone tissue, which is poured into osteomyelitis and periosteum (especially with trauma of the spinal cord). If the bone is adjacent to the edges of the wound (bottom), then we can talk about contact osteomyelitis. Subsequently, manure appears, often with a rotten smelly smell.
What are the bedsores: the causes of it
The tissues of the human body function by obtaining the necessary nutrients from the blood. Blood flow into all tissues and organs of the body is provided by blood vessels, which are elastic soft tubes. The smallest of them are capillaries. They are especially important in the metabolism of tissues.
It is with prolonged compression of capillaries (more than two hours) there is a violation of tissue nutrition (ischemia), and then necrosis (necrosis). Therefore, long immobile lying or sitting is dangerous - it can lead to the development of bedsores.
The second common cause is the substantial displacement of tissues in relation to each other. For example, if the patient is tucked around her on the bed of the patient, they try to improperly try to put a boat under him, pulling out wet linen from under him. In these cases, the blood vessels can break, which violates the blood supply to the body parts.
Risk factors of pressure sores - exhaustion or overweight, lack of food and drinking, smoking, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, fecal incontinence and urinary diseases and injuries of the brain and spinal cord, poor hygienic care of the skin, excessive sweating, allergic to Skin care products, as well as seams, folds, buttons for bed linen.
Prophylaxis of bedsores
In the prevention of pressure ulcers require recumbent patients, patients who use the rocking chair, suffering body parts estate, urinary or fecal incontinence, obesity, diabetes, exhausted patients suffering from the consequences of stroke.
Knowing what syringes are, it is necessary to provide appropriate prevention. Prevention is to prevent prolonged compression, as well as the displacement of tissues of the body relative to each other.
As preventive measures include personal hygiene and regular treatment on the skin (such as camphor alcohol) to prevent excessive skin moisture, nutrition, frequency of urination and defecation, massage.