Viruses are one of the oldest forms of life on the planet, but they became known to mankind only at the end of the nineteenth century, when it was possible to identify and study the smallest structures.
At present, scientists have information about about 500 viruses that cause various infectious and inflammatory diseases.
Despite their simple structure, viruses have an almost perfect mechanism for the propagation, spread and destruction of cells in the body. Against most viruses, there are no vaccines and medicines with selective action.
In addition, some viruses, especially those that are epidemic and pandemic, are often mutated and thus remain invulnerable.
How viruses work
Most often, modern residents face acute respiratory viral diseases, which arise from the fault of the influenza virus, parainfluenza, adenovirus, and others.
All these viruses penetrate the body, usually through the upper respiratory tract, and then violate the permeability of the vascular walls, destroy the protection of the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity, eyes, and also reduce immunity.
Many are familiar with the following signs of a viral infection, such as fever, chills, headache, pins and needles, swallowing pain, runny nose, coughing, tears, weakness, nausea, and sometimes even vomiting. These symptoms in full force usually appear on the 2-3rd day of infection and, with proper treatment, go down to the 4th-5th day, and disappear at all in a week.
Methods of treatment of acute respiratory viral infections
Often, parents are misleading that antimicrobials help with acute respiratory viral infections. In fact, antibacterial drugs are completely powerless against viruses. They are prescribed when bacterial infections are joined.
And in the treatment of acute respiratory infections, combined methods are used, including the use of antiviral drugs, which form the basis of treatment. Popular remedies such as herbal decoctions, infusions, antipyretics, expectorants and other medicines are recommended as auxiliary therapy to relieve the condition and eliminate the symptoms of the disease.
In the human body, there is a unique protein compound called alpha interferon, which is the first one to protect against viruses. And while other immunity factors swing, interferon is actively produced and contributes to the destruction of infectious agents.
Unfortunately, viruses multiply much more than produced interferon. In addition, their own protective functions can be significantly slowed down due to any adverse effect. Worsen the work of the immune system, bad environmental conditions, malnutrition, disturbed activity and sleep, unusual exposure to fresh air, chronic stress, etc.