The varicose veins of the lower extremities and, as a result, chronic venous insufficiency are a disease, the development of which contributes a lot of factors. And one of them is the kind of human activity. In this article we will look at the professions that are most dangerous in the development of varicose veins.
First of all, these are people whose professional activity is associated with prolonged stay in a standing position: hairdressers, surgeons, salesmen, waiters, massage therapists, teachers, cooks.
Due to insufficient work of the calf muscles and muscles of the foot (the so-called muscular pump), the vascular tone is reduced, the blood flow from the lower extremities becomes complicated, which leads to venous congestion, the appearance of edema, the severity of the legs and even the seizure.
Another factor that raises the risk of developing chronic venous insufficiency is wearing uncomfortable footwear, especially on high heels. Women at risk in such professions as a sales consultant in boutiques and branded salons, models and others are at risk.
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In shoes with heels above 5 cm, the foot is locked in a forced bent condition, resulting in disturbed supply of small vessels to the toes, there is venous stasis, edema in the ankles and calves. All this can eventually lead to chronic venous insufficiency.
However, people who are at risk of earning varicose veins are not only "standing" but also "sedentary" professions: cashiers, office workers, programmers, drivers, dispatchers, etc. For such patients, vascular surgeons have come up with a special term - "computer varicose veins". Prolonged sitting also eliminates the work of the muscle pump, and the flow of venous blood is very slow. So, the probability of stagnation of blood in the veins and the development of varicose veins increases.
All these processes are further enhanced by those who like to sit leg on their feet. In this position, the popliteal vein is squeezed, which leads to a violation of the venous blood outflow through the vessels of the lower extremities. As a result, the vascular walls begin to expand and lose elasticity, there is puffiness and heaviness in the legs. In addition, people of these professions often suffer from overweight and constipation, which increases the risk of varicose veins.
In this same group of risks for the development of varicose veins include representatives of occupations associated with long and frequent flights: pilots, flight attendants, etc. During flights, the load on the veins of the legs increases, which in turn increases the pressure, which, in turn, contributes to the stretching and thinning of the venous walls. There is a venous stasis. Another risk factor is dehydration in dry air in the airplane. This causes blood congestion and complicates its outflow through the vessels.
Another risk group is the representatives of professions in which labor is associated with the rise of burdens, be it heavyweight or loader. At the moment of lifting a heavy object there is a sharp increase in intraabdominal pressure, which affects the vessels of the abdominal cavity and then transmitted to the venous vessels of the legs, causing the stretching of the venous wall, breaking the work of the valve apparatus, etc.
As you can see, many professions can be classified as risk groups for the development of varicose veins. But even in the presence of many factors, the risk of developing a disease can be controlled.
What should I do?
- Wear comfortable shoes at a wide heel not more than 4 cm; Walking more often; Regularly engage in sports; Do massage and contrast shower for the feet.
- In the office use a footrest or fitball to keep your legs on the top, to get rid of the habit of sitting leg on your leg; Do simple exercises - climb the socks or jump from heel to toe.
- Use compression knitwear and drink more water in the airplane.
- Use an adequate load, eliminate the lifting of heavy objects.
- Apply special drugs that protect and strengthen the venous wall from the inside - Venotoniki. Doctors recommend taking venotonics with any pathology of veins at any stage of the disease.