Varicose veins

Health And Medical Video: 7 Ways To Get Rid Of Varicose Veins Fast (October 2018).

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Throughout the history of mankind, people suffer from varicose veins on their legs. It is believed that this disease is a kind of disdain for our strain - no other mammal has encountered such problems.

Women are more prone to illness than men.

There is also an age factor, but doctors note that recently varicose veins were significantly younger-even among schoolchildren.

What is varicose veins on the legs

Vascular meshes, convex bloated nodular veins - as appearance looks like varices, probably, probably everyone knows. Therefore, let's talk about what happens during the illness inside the veins.

In varices, the elasticity of the vein decreases, and as a consequence, they expand. Inside the veins there are original valves that regulate the blood flow that goes to the heart from the lower extremities. If these "gates" work correctly, then no problems arise. In the case of occurrence of violations in their functioning and develops varices.

The valves do not close, preventing the movement of blood to the heart, resulting in it stagnating in the veins. Naturally, pressure increases, which pushes blood from the deep thick veins into thinner vessels, located closer to the skin. The system of these veins is not adapted to the placement of such volumes of blood, as a result of their walls not only excessively stretched, but also destroyed.

As a result of this process, the vascular mesh, which in itself represents a serious aesthetic problem, becomes noticeable on the skin. The disease progresses, the thin weakened veins become more pronounced, acquire a characteristic blue color, thicken, and soon there are nodules on them.

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The causes of varicose veins

There are many factors that sometimes increase the likelihood that a particular person will suffer from varicose veins:

  • The genetic heritage - from the parents or grandmothers who are faced with varicose veins, the descendant may well "take" veins with a special structure (weakness of the connective tissue, imperfect valves, etc.); And then, without constant compliance with preventive measures, he will likely sooner or later become a patient with a diagnosis of "varices on the legs".
  • Hormonal oscillations - women are more likely to be affected (climax, menstruation, pregnancy, etc.), which explains the apparent sexual selectivity of the disease; In addition, the risk of varicose veins increases and the treatment of hormonal drugs - it is scientifically proven that female sex hormones and their substitutes significantly reduce the elasticity of venous walls.
  • Nervous disorders, stress, depression - all this reduces the tone of the veins, as the elasticity of their walls is regulated by the nerve endings.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (which, moreover, are more common in women) - these processes not only can lead to hormonal imbalances, but also can damage small veins.
  • Lack of physical activity in human life - as a result of a long vein sitting, the blood vessels are disturbed, blood circulation is disturbed, the venous wall tone gradually decreases, and, finally, the blood begins to stagnate, and varices (sometimes there is a special term - computer varices, Such a large number of patients, the cause of which was a sedentary work for a flickering monitor).
  • Excessive physical activity - they can include lifting heavy objects, overweight, pregnancy, work associated with long standing; As a result, the pressure in the veins increases significantly, which also threatens the appearance of varicose veins.
  • Flatfoot.
  • The habit always and everywhere "shim" on wrong high heels.
  • Constipation that increases the pressure in the abdominal cavity.
  • Injuries and diseases.
  • Paul - as already mentioned above, the risk of varicose veins in women is higher.
  • The structure of the body - as a rule, from varicose veins, people suffering from an increase above the average suffer more often.

Symptoms of varicose veins on the legs

Symptoms of varicose veins are characterized by gradual progression. Explicit signs do not appear immediately, at the first stage of the disease manifests itself through:

  • Edema of the legs, especially after a long stay in a sitting or standing position, which usually pass independently until the morning - the first sign that deep veins are poorly coping with their duties;

  • Convulsions and numbness of the legs, especially this symptom manifests itself at night and in the morning;
  • Feeling of heaviness, burning, itching and leg pain, especially characteristic of the second half of the day;
  • The first visible signs - characteristic red-blue vascular mesh and stars, perfectly visible on the skin.

At the appearance of the first anxiety signals, it is not necessary to delay with a visit to the doctor. As you know, any illness is best suited to treatment precisely in the initial stages. If the symptoms were ignored and the patient did not consider them to be sufficient grounds for applying for qualified assistance, then they would expect the following signs, such as:

  • Sealing and darkening of the skin of the shin: with it there are stains and peeling;
  • The veins become painful when rubbed;
  • Pronounced muscle pain, the intensity of which increases during walking;
  • Appearance of protruding skin of the legs and feet of venous nodes.

If proper treatment is not intended at this stage, the patient inevitably awaits serious complications, which will be discussed later.

When should I contact a doctor?

There are signs, the appearance of which is an absolute indication for an urgent treatment to a doctor. These include:

  • A feeling of weakness combined with shortness of breath and a feeling of lack of oxygen;
  • Acute sharp pain in the leg, with the limb densified, there is a sense of burning;
  • The onset of bleeding causes suspicion and suspicion of the site.

How is this diagnosis?

The exact diagnosis can be put only by the doctor - phlebologist or vascular surgeon. Appealing to a specialist is desirable at the first alarming signals of an organism. Of course, the first research procedures are a survey and a patient survey. Then, in order to confirm the diagnosis and obtain the maximum information on the nature and severity of the disease, the following procedures may be necessary:

1. Ultrasonography of veins - in the course of this study not only is the presence of varicose veins, but also conclusions about the direction of blood flow, the presence of blood clots and tumors, estimated vascular dilatation;

2. Contrast venography - a very accurate and informative research method, which results in the possibility to fully evaluate the state of veins; This examination is carried out by introducing a contrast agent into the human body.

Both of these methods are interchangeable. Due to the smallest invasiveness in recent times the ultrasound of the veins is preferred.

What is a dangerous varicose vein?

About varicose there is an aphorism, created by doctors - "The illness that manifests itself on the legs, and shoots in the heart." Indeed, this ailment is not just an aesthetic problem, which delivers troubles and lowers the quality of life. In the absence of qualified medical care, varicose veins can have serious complications, up to fatal outcome.

Consequently, the effects of varicose veins on the legs can be:

  • Thrombophlebitis - the disease is accompanied by the course of inflammatory processes in the affected veins;
  • Bleeding
  • Violation of tissue nutrition;
  • Increased pigmentation;
  • Increased thrombosis - dangerous not only for health, but also for life complications.

Separately, one should say about such a common companion of varicose veins as a trophic ulcer. The reason for its appearance is constant venous insufficiency and increased pressure in the veins. Such ulcers, as a rule, do not heal for a long time, they are very difficult to be treated and at the same time are able to limit the performance of the patient and even lead to his disability. Swelling, unbearable pain and even an unpleasant smell - all this makes the life of the patient very difficult. The appearance of trophic ulcers is facilitated by even minor injuries and blows that are simply impossible to avoid. By the way, sometimes (in some cases) these lesions are reincorporated into a malignant tumor.

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Treating varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins in the legs depends, first of all, on the stage of development of the disease. When it comes to the initial stages of an illness, when complications and irreversible processes have not yet been reported, usually conservative treatment, that is, treatment without surgery, which may include the following procedures:

Medicinal therapy - It is referred to as pills (venotonics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anticoagulants), as well as local remedies, that is, all sorts of ointments.

Compression treatment - wearing special compression stockings or, alternatively, winding the elastic bandage.

Pneumomassage - is carried out with the help of the device Pneumomassage, activates the blood circulation, improves the tissue trophy and, as a result, the unpleasant symptoms of varicose veins decrease and disappear.

Sclerotherapy - Used in the case where without removing the affected veins can not do. Performed without a surgical scalpel, a special medication that overlaps the blood flow into the vein is introduced into the vein, gradually atrophying and disappearing as a result of the defeat. This does not happen quickly, during the year may require more than one session, but the effect of scleroplasty is worth it.

Endovasal laser coagulation - one of the most advanced methods, conducted under local anesthesia, the result can be appreciated in a month.

The pins - this one of the non-traditional methods of treating varices on the legs is based on the special quality of leeches - when the skin bites the patient and in the subsequent sucking, they produce diluted blood substance hirudin; However, today it is quite possible to do without leeches - on the shelves of pharmacies there are many preparations containing this remedy.

Prevention of varicose veins

Particular attention to the prevention of varicose veins on the legs should be given to people at risk: those whose relatives are suffering from this disease, representatives of certain professions (teachers, hairdressers, etc.), people overweight, pregnant, etc.

First of all, you need to have an active lifestyle. To do sports (swimming, bicycle), prefer walking for "standing" trips in public transport, climbing upstairs on stairs, and not on the elevator, etc.

Therefore, those who are forced to spend a long time in a sitting or standing position, should pay attention to the following recommendations:

  • At long standing it is better to move from time to time from foot to foot, while thrusting your toes.
  • Officers who spend days behind the computer screen are periodically recommended to put their feet on the table - in this position the blood flow from the lower extremities veins significantly improves.
  • A small footrest can reduce dangerous pressure; Besides, it is very convenient for them to perform elementary exercises during long seating.
  • The simple exercise, which consists in periodically raising the toes, promotes strain of the leg muscles and improves the flow of blood up.
  • At least once in an hour for 5-10 minutes, it is necessary to tear off the chair and make a little bit.

Compression linen is used not only for the treatment of varicose veins, but also for its prevention. For example, if a person in the family suffers from this disease, then during pregnancy, during flights and long trips by bus or train, during training it is better for her to use compression stockings or to wrap their legs with an elastic bandage.

If the problem has already declared itself even in the slightest degree, it is necessary to avoid the following:

  • Taking oral contraceptives (they contain hormones that can worsen the situation);
  • Wearing high heel shoes;
  • Excess weight and obesity;
  • Eating salty, greasy and spicy foods;
  • Wearing heavy bags and suitcase (now very popular luggage on wheels);
  • Wax depilation;
  • Hot long baths;
  • Saunas and baths;
  • Alcohol abuse, smoking;
  • Self-medication

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Varicose veins
Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases