If the patient is diagnosed with "testicular cancer," the doctor should explain to the patient, which is a type of cancer and began to spread beyond the testicles. In addition, the physician should discuss with the patient the methods of treatment and their possible outcomes.
The treatment of testicular cancer begins with a radical inguinal orchiectomy, that is, the removal of the affected testicle (testicle). After the operation, depending on the type of cancer cells and whether the cancer has spread to other areas of the body (depending on the stage), the patient may need either observation or further treatment using chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery to remove lymph nodes (LOSS)
If the testicular cancer does not detect and do not undergo early treatment, the tumor can give metastases to the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, brain and bones. But often metastatic cancers can be successfully treated.
Regardless of the therapy that was chosen, it is important to get further competent supervision. It may include:
- Physical examination;
- Medical imaging, including by performing X-rays, CT and MRI;
- A blood test to determine the level of tumor markers (if it has not changed after treatment, it may mean that the tumor is still present in the body).
The diagnosis of "testicular cancer" involves long-term interaction between a physician and a patient. To be successful, it's best to develop relationships based on trust and information exchange.
If the condition worsens
Recurrent testicular cancer can be detected during medical examination, visualization, or as a result of an increase in tumor markers. In some cases, relapse treatment can be successful, especially if the cancer has spread only to the lymph nodes in the pelvis, abdominal cavity or the lower part of the lumbar and pelvis (retroperitoneal space).
Recurrent testicular cancer can be treated with chemotherapy, lymph nodes removal or radiation. Sometimes you need high doses of chemotherapy. If this does not help, then the method of high dose chemotherapy with autogenous stem cell transplantation can be applied.
In many cases of relapsing testicular cancer, chemotherapy is accompanied by surgical intervention.
Cancer treatment has two main goals - getting rid of cancer and improving the quality of life of the patient. Quality of life can be enhanced by palliative care.
Some patients with a late stage of cancer come in when it seems to them that continued treatment is not the best choice. This may be due to the fact that the side effects, temporary and material costs of treatment exceed the desired result.
Additional treatment methods
Some patients are sometimes prescribed additional treatment to relieve the symptoms and side effects of cancer treatment. Usually used:
- Acupuncture for the relief of pain;
- Meditation or yoga for stress relief;
- Massage and biological feedback to reduce pain and relieve tension;
- Breathing exercises for relaxation.
The listed procedures will help the patient to feel better and easier to cope with the treatment. They can also reduce permanent pain in the lumbar, joints, headaches and side effects of treatment.
Before trying out additional therapies, the patient needs to consult a physician about the potential values and side effects of the selected method. Additional methods can not replace the main treatment.