Before proceeding with a more detailed study of this topic, let's consider in general terms what the papillomavirus is.
Papilloma is a class of benign tumor that develops from a flat epithelium in the form of a papilla, above the skin surface. In other words, papilloma is a small size of growth on the body, body color. The reason for the appearance of a papilloma on the body is the papillomavirus, which is inside the person. The papilloma virus is a viral infection that causes changes in the growth of skin tissues.
Thus, the main cause of the appearance of a papilla on the body is nothing more than a manifestation of infection with the papillomavirus. The likelihood and degree of infection with the papilloma virus directly depends on the state of the human immune system, its lifestyle and mental state, which we will discuss in more detail below. Moreover, in papillomavirus there are several varieties and therefore a person can be infected as one of its subspecies, and several at once.
In some sources, one may find that women tend to be more vulnerable to the papillomavirus, but this is not the case. To papillomavirus, both men and women are equally inclined, but only for women it has more dangerous consequences.
Another common mistake in society is that papillomas appear only in the elderly, mainly in the neck area, but again this is not the case. Before the emergence of the papillomas are people of absolutely any age, in addition, papillomas can appear on different parts of the body.
How is the papillomavirus transmitted?
The infection of the virus in the human papilloma occurs: in the interaction of mucous membranes, with skin contact and in the transfer of inheritance. Infection with papillomavirus can also be from a person who has no signs of infection with the virus, but it will be its carrier.
Ways of infection:
- Sexually transmitted infection. The most common pathway for infection with the papillomavirus is the sexual path. In this case, the virus can be transmitted with: vaginal, anal and oral sex, without the use of barrier contraceptives. Thus, the virus has the ability to directly get into the body through the mucous membranes of our body.
- When transmitting papillomavirus from mother to child. Being in the womb of a mother, a child can get her from a papilloma virus from her. The probability that the papillomavirus is transmitted from the mother, who is the bearer of the papillomavirus, to the future child - is not very large, but nevertheless it is.
- With touch The papillomavirus can be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy, by regular tactile contact. Also, the papilloma virus can be found in public places for a long time, such as: a swimming pool, a sauna, gym and locker room.
- Autoinfection. Another possible way to infect a papilloma virus is to self-infect. Most often, this can happen when the lash and epilation, when the virus has fallen into the damaged area of the skin.
What happens in the body when the human papillomavirus is infected
Getting into the human body, one of the above-mentioned methods, the papillomavirus begins with the bleeding spread throughout the body, falling into those or other cells, while striking the DNA. As a result, the given virus begins to manifest itself in external signs.
As mentioned above, the incubation period of the papillomavirus may last for several weeks and several years. Moreover, this virus may not manifest itself at all, while infecting other people.
If the human body has got a virus of papillomas, then it first comes into contact with the immune system. When the immunity is strong, it can suppress the virus and prevent it from appearing. But it is worth the immunity somewhat weakened, as the virus will start to attack the body again, and go into the active phase. Papillomavirus can be found in the human body for several years, but only after a severe stress state, with the weakening of immunity, or when interacting with other species and infections.
Symptoms of Human Papillomavirus
Papillomavirus, getting into the body, does not cause any unpleasant phenomena, we do not feel any pain. The only sign of the presence in the human body of the papillomavirus is the formation of growths on the skin.
Populations can be of the following types:
Flat Papillomas. This is a smooth and flat growth on the skin that has a bodily color. This type of nosebleed can sometimes be accompanied by painful sensations and itching. As a rule, they appear on the hands, neck and face.
- Acute warts. May be in the form of flat builds, in the form of cones and trunks. The most frequent acuminate warts appear on the genital organs. In women, spastic warts appear on: pubic area, labia, cervix, vagina and around the anus. Condylomas can appear on the fingers, as well as in the mouth and eyes. In addition to visual discomfort, the presence of acute condylomas is not accompanied by anything, but the papillomas in intimate places bear the danger, including the formation of malignant tumors, in particular cervical cancer.
The presence of papillomas on the human body is quite normal, but if there are acute warts in the body, then you should immediately contact a dermatologist. If the doctor diagnoses the presence of harmful papillomas or worsened by warts, then they should be eliminated and the general treatment of the body.
How to treat human papillomavirus
Now let's go directly to how to treat papillomavirus. Human papillomavirus treatment consists of two stages: neutralization and elimination of papillomas (warts). That is, it is necessary at the outset to neutralize the virus that is present in the body to prevent the emergence of new warts. Along with this is carried out and removal of existing ones.
When he arrives at a dermatologist, he inspects the growths on the patient's body and conducts a survey to find out how the infection could get into your body. If necessary, a cervical examination may also be prescribed if there is a probability of having a warlock on it. The doctor can clarify if you have recently had any illness or stressful situations that could lead to a weakening of immunity. After that, you will be given a course of treatment.
Neutralization consists of antiviral treatment and strengthening of immunity. As a rule, in such cases the doctor prescribes the drug "Proteflase". This drug has an antiviral effect, and is used to treat acute and chronic viral infections. Because of the fact that the papillomavirus is manifested in low immunity, in addition to antiviral drugs appointed immunostimulants. At the discretion of the physician it is possible to appoint other drugs.
Removal of papillomas and warts
When the treatment of papillomavirus is started, the existing papillomas and warts are eliminated. Elimination is carried out in several ways:
- Liquid nitrogen removal;
- Laser removal;
- Cooking with special medical preparations;
- Surgical removal.
In each case, it uses its method of removing certain groups of papillomas, which method to use - the doctor takes after the examination. The choice depends on the number of increments, the density of the placement and the location of their location. For example, if the condylomas are on the pubis and there are plenty of them, then surgical removal, which occurs under general anesthesia, is used for this. If the region of growths is small, and there are only a few of them, then they use biting or laser elimination.
In the event that after eliminating the growths on this part of the body there are new ones, they are already burned up. In principle, it's possible to get rid of warts completely, but to completely eliminate the papilloma virus - practically impossible.
It is very important that the presence of a papilline on your body be detected in a timely manner and contact a dermatologist in a timely manner. From this will be the extent and duration of treatment.
Prophylaxis of papillomavirus
The human papillomavirus is a fairly widespread disease, which means that they can get infected almost anywhere, but do not know that the virus is inside us. In order not to let the virus of the papilloma infect your body and appear in it, it is necessary to take a number of preventive measures, which we will briefly tell you further.
Avoid possible ways to get infected
Based on the above methods of infection, be vigilant in all such situations. If you are not confident in your partner, do any kind of sex with exclusively contraceptives - a condom, but nevertheless, the virus can be transmitted also when kissing, which should also be taken into account.
Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene
Follow the rules of personal hygiene and try to visit public places that pay great attention to cleanliness and disinfection. After each tactile contact with people, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly.
When you do epilation, be sure to disinfect the items by which the data is performed: a machine, a head of an epilator, etc. After that, shaved areas need to be treated with a special agent, preferably on an alcohol basis, to prevent inflammatory processes and heal areas of the skin, which has minor injuries.
Maintenance of immunity
Well, of course, always try to maintain your immunity. Even if the virus in some way gets into your body, then a strong immunity will not let him be detected. Also, try to exclude factors that may weaken the immune system: stress, vitamin deficiency and malnutrition.