Eczema is an allergic skin disease with a persistent relapsing currents. With eczema there are red spots on the hands, rigid and rough to the touch.
If eczema just starts or flows in mild form, the spots may be pale pink or pinkish-beige color. In severe form of eczema stains become dark red. Eczema then wet, then peel off, has an acute and chronic course.
Against the background of red spots, fluid-filled bubbles pour out, after the bubbles are opened, wet areas are formed. Gradually wetted areas cure, and then rub hands. Eczema proceeds spontaneously, so all stages of the process (bubbles, crust and peeling) are present at the same time, which is the most characteristic symptom of eczema. The disease is accompanied by a severe itching, and as a result of combing - often complicated by microbial infection.
The most frequent localization of eczema is the bristles and faces of the rear. In advanced stages, the disease spreads to large areas of the body. Usually eczema lasts many months or even years, finding a chronic form.
Sick hands are itching, breaking calm and sleep. The affected skin thus thickens, becomes rigid and dense, there is a scaling of hands, and sometimes there are painful cracks, especially between the fingers of the hands.
Treatment of eczema
Treatment of eczema in hands is aimed at compensating the painful process by eliminating or mitigating skin manifestations of the disease, relieving the general condition, treating internal diseases of the endocrine and nervous system. Individual drug therapy is conducted, depending on available internal diseases. It is important for all patients to adhere to the proper diet and lifestyle.
The complex of treatment includes desensitizing therapy: autohemotherapy, intravenous administration of calcium chloride (hot injections), sodium thiosulfate. The purpose of such treatment is to reduce the overall sensitivity of the organism to allergens. Antihistamines and sedatives, including tranquilizers, are also prescribed.
Local treatment depends on the stage of eczema. In the presence of only redness and unopened bubbles, use powder (zinc, talc, starch), whipping cream or neutral paste. For acute inflammation, use a cooling lotion and compress (for example, a solution of furatsillinum).
When chronic eczema is prescribed thermal treatments: warm baths, warming compresses, ultraviolet irradiation.
At all stages of eczema treatment, hormonal ointments are used, and in severe forms, hormones are prescribed internally or in the form of injections. Patients should be careful of the irritation of the wind, cold, accidental mechanical influences, which is used for bandages. It is prohibited to wet the affected areas of the skin with water or wash with soap and clean them with liquid oils.
In autumn and spring it is recommended to carry out a prophylactic course of antirecurring treatment. The prophylaxis course usually involves strengthening and stimulating agents, as well as decoctions and infusions of medicinal plants (nettles, sage, licorice, St. John's wort, wormwood) for baths and for oral administration. Patients with eczema should be under the supervision of doctors.