Burns of skin in everyday life are very common, and few people are lucky to ever come across. It is important not only to be careful, but also to be able to provide first aid, knowing the principles of proper treatment.
The treatment of skin burns depends on their degree and nature. The most common burns -
, They arise as a result of scalding with boiling water, hot steam, during a fire or from exposure to sunlight.
From the effect of high temperature skin cells die. The degree of damage depends on the height of the temperature and the time of impact. At 1 degree of burn there is a persistent reddening of the skin, with 2 degree - exfoliate the upper layer of the epidermis and there are bubbles. Burns 1-2 degrees superficial, they are very painful, but heal without scarring. At burns of the 3rd degree, the skin itself (derma) burns out, while on the background of reddening, blistering bubbles, visible areas of white skin ("pig skin"), and during the last, 4 degrees of burn, there is a charcoal of the skin.
At home, it is possible to treat skin burns 1 and 2 degrees, if they do not cover the large surface of the body. The depth of the burn is difficult to determine - here the benchmark is that when deep burns there are no bubbles on the damaged skin. In case of severe burns, even a mild degree, medical aid is needed.
In the case of thermal burns as a first aid, immediately burn the place with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol or vodka, then apply a sterile bandage with synthomytic emulsion, streptocidal ointment or, preferably, ointment with dexpanthenol. The treatment of thermal burns depends on its degree. Bubbles can not be opened! In case of severe pain, it is possible to administer an intramuscularly analgesic agent (ketanov, ketorol, etc.). And suprastinum, all this can be given inside.
Change the bandage once a day. When the bubbles themselves reveal, cut off the peel from them. Next, the burning place opened after bubbles with ulcers is treated with water disinfectant solutions (and not alcoholic!): Furacillin or chlorhexidine, drained with a sterile napkin and apply a bandage with ointment against burns. Treatment of sunburn is also carried out, but not imposed on the bandage. For ease of use, Panthenol is available in the form of a spray.
Arise from the effects on the skin of strong acids and alkalis. The first-aid feature is the need to stop contact with a chemical substance, otherwise in a few minutes it penetrates deeply into the skin. If the chemical is on clothing, it is immediately removed and washed well with damaged skin with running water. After that neutralization is carried out: at acid burns impose a 4% solution of napkins soda, and at alkaline burns, wipes are wetted with a solution of weak acid: lemon or acetic.
Treatment of chemical burns is usually prolonged, under adverse conditions, it can pass into dermatitis. Therefore, appoint a full course of antihistamines (suprastin, tavegil, etc.) and strengthening agents (vitamins, immunomodulators). External treatment includes regular cleaning of the burn surface, bandages with anti-inflammatory and anti-ointment ointments. Accelerates the healing of the damaged skin of metiluratsilovaya ointment and D-panthenol. When overgrowed obsolete burns are used ointment Bepantan Plus, which contains dexpanthenol (heals) and chlorhexidine (antiseptic).
In mild cases, folk burns are used. At sunburns, make compresses of kefir or milk whey or from a mixture of butter and raw eggs. A good effect is the lubrication of burns with bestial oil. Treatment with warm strong tea relieves pain and helps to heal burns. To do this, brew strong tea (better green) and moisten them a napkin, overlaid on a hot spot, not letting it dry, as much as possible, for 1-2 hours. Do so 10-12 days. Wound burns with ointment: 2 tablespoons Sour cream, 1 yolk, 1 tablespoon Sunflower oil. All mix, obtained by the ointment to thicken the burn and rebench. Change the bandage once a day. Without a bandage you can apply with sunburn.
When chemical burns apply compresses of their decoction of chamomile with mint or cones of hops, then apply a bandage with ointment with aloe vera. To prepare the ointment take 2-3 fresh leaves of aloe, wash them and cut the spines. The leaves are ground on a meat grinder or blender to a lump, mixed with melted internal fat and allowed to thicken. Before each procedure, it is important to rinse well the rinsed place from the remnants of drugs and necrotic masses.
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