Treating colon cancer

Colon Cancer: Diagnosis & Treatment | Los Angeles Colonoscopy (Health And Medical Video June 2018).

Treatment for colorectal cancer includes not only the treatment of the disease itself, but also the techniques that are responsible for the emotional and general physical condition of the patient.

Restoring and maintaining quality of life is the main task of physicians, relatives and friends of the patient. Many additional treatments will be helpful along with the basic medical course, they will help reduce stress in the patient and make the treatment process more tolerable. However, additional treatment methods should not replace the basic course.

The main types of treatment for colorectal cancer are surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Depending on the stage of cancer, these methods can be combined.

Surgery is the most effective method of treating local colorectal formations. Totally small tumors can be removed with a colonoscope, as well as in cases with larger formations, when it is necessary to remove part of the colon containing the tumor, the surrounding fat tissue and lymph nodes. Surgical intervention can be both laparoscopic and other (with larger cuts needed for optimal surgical access).

In most cases, after a resection, the surgeon can combine the healthy parts of the colon and rectum. When this is not possible, he creates a hole (stomach) in the abdominal cavity and through it deduces the end of the colon outwards. The waste of life is collected in the receiver connected to the stomach. This operation is called colostomy, it is often a temporary measure. As soon as the intestine begins to heal, conduct a second operation, in which the integrity of the intestine is restored. The need for constant colostomy is common in rectal cancer, since in this case it is difficult to maintain the rectum.

Immediately after surgery, the patient will receive painkillers, as well as medications that will relieve temporary diarrhea or constipation. After surgery, patients are advised to eat calories, rich in nutrients and proteins, which will help them gain strength and accelerate the recovery process.

Radiotherapy - radiotherapy that kills cancerous cells. In rectal cancer, ionizing radiation is usually prescribed after surgery simultaneously with chemotherapy (as an additional treatment step) in order to destroy the remaining cancer cells. In addition, radiotherapy can be performed with chemotherapy before surgery - this will help reduce the size of the large tumor and facilitate surgical manipulations. With progressive rectal cancer, ionizing rays are used to reduce tumors that cause the appearance of symptoms of obstruction (blockage) of the intestine, bleeding or pain.

Radiotherapy is also used in cases where people with colorectal cancer have a tumor attached to another organ of the abdominal cavity, or if a new cancer appears on the borders of the remote tumor.

Chemotherapeutic agents are used at various stages of colorectal cancer. They include the following drugs: 5-fluorouracil, capecitabine and oxaliplatin. These drugs are widely used in combination with other drugs. Chemotherapy can also be directed directly to the liver if colon cancer has given metastases to this organ.

When the cancer is in the remission stage (it does not matter whether the cancer is in the colon or rectum), the following follow-up examinations are performed, serving as an integral part of the treatment for relapse testing. Hundreds of thousands of people lead a normal, calm life after colorectal surgery and colostomy. Although, in order to regulate life after colostomy, people need time, support and understanding of their loved ones; in most cases, people with stomach find that they can eat, rest and work the way they were doing the illness.

Treating colon cancer

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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