The trauma of the hip joint is a severe injury, often accompanied by the development of pain traumatic shock.
One of the most common trauma of this kind is a fracture of the femoral neck. People suffering from this are mostly elderly people. Young patients often suffer from suppressive or coughing fractures. The injury to the hip joint may occur as a result of falling from a small height to the side. The consequences of an injury, as well as the outcome of treatment, depend first of all on how competently the victim was able to provide the victim with first aid.
Basic symptoms and first aid when getting injured
Recognizing damage to the hip joint is easy, since the patient is unable to stand, because acute pain extends to the pelvic and knee joints. In addition, the victim's foot is usually turned off. The patient should not try to give the usual position, as the trauma of the hip joint brings severe pain.
The main symptoms of injury
- Explicit Hypotension.
- The skin takes a bluish tint.
- Mobility is sharply limited.
- An attempt to move the limb brings a sharp pain.
In the first place the victim should be carefully laid on his back, fix the sick leg with a tire with the capture of the knee joint and wait for the arrival of ambulance.
Dislocation or fracture of the hip joint is considered to be more severe damage, which leads to the fact that the leg takes an unnatural position. Also, due to a fracture of the femur or displacement of the bone debris, the leg may subsequently become shorter by a few centimeters.
The victim provides a complete immobilization of bone fragments, having previously given an analgesic. These are the necessary measures that precede transportation, otherwise transportation can severely impair the condition, as the trauma of the hip joint is seriously damaged.
Treatment of injury
Treatment of a person injured in the hip joint is performed exclusively in the hospital and most often requires immediate surgical intervention. The fresh dislocation is administered, and discharge of the patient's joint is carried out by means of skeletal extraction. After 6 weeks of bed rest, you can begin to move slowly on the crutches, but loading the limb is strictly prohibited for the first 4 months.
In the case of the formation of cracks in the bottom of the hollow applied to the axis of the thigh unloading stretching, and in the fracture with protrusion head resorted to pulling the neck of the thigh along the axis. During the stay of the patient with trauma of the hip joint on the skeletal extraction, it is necessary to carry out certain physical exercises aimed at preventing complications, as well as improving blood circulation.
The rehabilitation of the victim from the trauma of the hip joint involves mandatory physical therapy, physiotherapy, massage, and the continued use of ointments of local influence.