Throat splashing is not so common. Symptoms of this disease include changes in skin sensitivity, pain syndrome, violation of the diaphragm.
The plexus neck is formed from the roots of the four upper segments of the spinal cord and lies under the sternoclavicular mucosal muscle. Sensitive nerves of the neck plexus innervate the skin of the lateral and anterior surface of the neck, supraclavicular region, the skin of the anus and the region behind it.
The muscle fibers of the cervical plexus innervate some of the muscles of the head, neck and back, including trapezoidal, sternoclavicular, osteochondromal, muscle, raising the shoulder blade.
In addition, the sensory and muscle fibers of the cervical plexus form diaphragmatic nerves (right and left) that give the diaphragm innervation. Also, their branches reach the pleura, pericardium and peritoneum.
Depending on the predominant affection of one or another of the fibers, the symptoms of the cervical plexitis will be different. The most common pain syndrome and sensory impairment, disorders in the muscular area are not noted.
Behind the sternoclavicular muscle, a small occipital nerve, a sensitive, innervating skin of the anus and a region behind it, appears on the 2 cm below the optic mosquito. With neuralgia of this nerve, pain occurs when palpation occurs in the place of its release from the muscle, there are sensory disturbances in the innervated areas of the skin.
In the case of defeat of other sensitive nerves - the large anus, transverse nerve of the neck or supraclavicular nerves - there is also a disturbance in sensitivity or pain in the lower side of the face, the anus, the anterior-lateral surface of the neck, or in the area above the collarbone.
In most cases, nerve damage in the neck plexus is secondary and is a sign of another pathological process. Cervical plexitis may be the cause of injury and osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, tumors, tuberculosis, cervical vertebral syphilis, enlargement of the cervical salivary glands.
A cervical plexitis can be observed after a local overcooling. In this case, the cervical spleen begins acutely, with pain symptoms. In favorable cases, pain over time weakens, sensitivity is restored, and the disease is treated.
Particularly worth mentioning is the violation of the diaphragmatic nerve. Bilateral lesions of the nerve are more common than defeat on the one hand, as the main causes of diaphragmatic nerve neuropathy are pathological processes in the mediastinum: tumors, aneurysms of large vessels, centers of purulent inflammation.
The unilateral lesion of the diaphragmatic nerve causes paresis or paralysis of the diaphragm from the corresponding side. This is manifested in the disappearance of the lower, diaphragmatic breath, which leads to shortness of breath, complications with cough. The rise of the abdomen and the strain of its walls disappear during stress. Full paresis or paralysis of the diaphragm makes the upper, shallow, and accelerated breathing.
Involvement in the pathological process of sensitive fibers of the diaphragmatic nerve leads to the appearance of pain in the chest, shoulder joint, shoulder and neck. Sometimes the pain extends to the fingers. Pain sensation in the chest restricts her breathing and leads to shortness of breath. Severe pain syndrome is often accompanied by hiccups.