Exercise therapy can improve the effectiveness of the therapy, improve the overall well-being of the patient and improve the quality of his life.
Parkinson's disease is a chronic disease caused by progressive destruction and death of neurons that produce as a dopamine mediator.
Motor disorders are one of the leading manifestations of Parkinson's disease. The most common types of violations and/or their combination are most common:
- A little tremor (trembling);
- Rigidity (stiffness) of muscles and their increased tension;
- Hypokinesia (slow motion, often accompanied by pains after a period of rest);
- Instability of equilibrium;
- Violation of coordination of movements.
Violations can be exacerbated by stress, fatigue, and tend to progress with age.
Therapeutic physical education (LFK)
Invaluable help in the treatment of Parkinson's disease can provide therapeutic exercise (exercise therapy). It helps patients partially recover their physical activity and improve their quality of life. In addition, exercise therapy improves overall well-being and mood, as well as increases the duration of active life when the patient is able to self-service.
It should be remembered that exercise therapy is an additional type of therapy, and therefore the patient must carefully observe all doctor's orders, including medical therapy, reflexotherapy, physiotherapy and other methods of treatment.
Before starting classes it is necessary to consult with the doctor of exercise therapy, which will select the optimal range of physical exercises, frequency and frequency of their implementation. The study of these exercises and their implementation (especially in the first stages) will be conducted under the guidance of the exercise instructor.
As the complex of exercises is mastered, the physician LFK makes adjustments, changing physical activity, intensity and duration of exercises, and also, if necessary, appointing new exercise complexes.
In order to increase the effectiveness of exercise therapy, it is necessary
- Daily exercise complexes of exercise therapy, following the recommendations of the physician and exercise therapist neurologist.
- After the lesson, only light fatigue should be left, it is not necessary to prove itself to exhaustion.
- Exercises should cover as many muscle groups and joints as possible. Exercises aimed at eliminating specific violations should be repeated more often.
- It is advisable to perform all motor exercises rhythmically, using music accompaniment for this, an account aloud or about yourself. This allows you to better control the movement, without distracting on the outside thoughts and affairs.
- Exercise should be performed during the appointment period.
- If the patient does not have time to perform the whole complex of exercises at a time, it is recommended to divide it into small complexes and perform as much as possible during the day (for example, during walks, homework, leisure hours, watching TV, etc.).
- It is useful to diversify exercise classes, including short-term training using a dumbbell, explorer, simulators, etc. (You should consult a physician or a neurologist).
Only in the systematic execution of exercises that require the patient perseverance, pedantic and will power, can achieve a good therapeutic effect.
Positive effects of exercise therapy
- Improving walking, walking becomes more confident;
- Improving balance and coordination of movements;
- Improves posture, strengthens back muscles;
- Prolonged physical activity for many years;
- There is an opportunity to lead a socially active way of life, to continue to do the usual work;
- The patient becomes less tired, healing and stress resistance are increased;
- The work of the respiratory organs, the heart, blood vessels and other systems of the organism improves;
- Favorable psychological effect: the patient experiences a sense of self-confidence, depression, apathy, irritability, sleep and ability to relax.
The patient must inform the neurologist or physician of the exercise therapy physician of all the changes in state of health and state of health for the appropriate correction of further treatment.