Ulcerative colitis is considered life-long illness - it affects the mucosa only of the large intestine. It manifests itself as ulcerative inflammation of the large intestine, which is of varying intensity and gradually extends to other parts of the large intestine.
This disease in recent years is increasingly and documented by doctors in people of all ages. On the one hand, this is due to improved diagnostic tests - in medical facilities, equipment is upgraded and staff qualifications are growing.
It is noticed, that ulcerative coli of the intestine most often suffer inhabitants of cities living in developed countries. The age qualification of this illness is manifested either in the young (up to 30 years), or already in the elderly (over 60). But there are people who have colitis in their entire lives.
Symptoms of ulcerative colitis in different people are different - someone for many years is kept quite decent, and the illness is manifested only by an admixture of blood in the feces. Some people write it off at the expense of hemorrhoids and do not hurry to undergo a thorough examination.
And the second category of people, on the contrary, begins to admire self-treatment on the Internet or folk medicine. Another category of patients from the very beginning of ulcerative colitis are hospitalized with multiple bloody diarrhea, incontinence of stool, high fever, abdominal pain, severe heart palpation and general weakness.
In ulcerative colitis there are also specific symptoms: blood in feces, slime and manure in feces; Diarrhea, constipation; False urges for emptying of the intestine, nocturnal bowel movements (patients wake up due to the uncontrollable need to empty the intestine); Excretory incontinence; Bloating
In 10% of cases, articular lesions may appear; Various rashes on the skin and mucous membranes; Eye disorders; Defeat of the liver and bile ducts; Thrombosis
No matter how far the medicine has taken a step, however, the origin and causes of ulcerative colitis of the intestine are still not clearly established. There is an assumption that colitis can provoke:
- Some unidentified infection (but ulcerative colitis is not contagious);
- Unbalanced nutrition (fast food, diet with fiber deficiency, etc.);
- Genetic mutations;
- Medicines (non-hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs, contraceptives, etc.);
- Shifts in intestinal microflora.
A negative effect on the condition of the intestine is smoking.
For many, intestinal examination - the procedure is terrible and painful. But in modern conditions, even a colonoscopy began to be done under anesthesia. But with the first symptoms you need to gain courage and decide on an examination that involves fibroelectolonoscopy; Morphological (histological) analysis; Irrigoscopy, hydr MRT of the intestine; Ultrasound