Stroke and children

Pediatric Exams: Stroke In Children (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

Cases of acute cerebrovascular disorder in childhood have some essential features.

A stroke is a life-threatening acute cerebrovascular disease that lasts more than 24 hours. Appeal to the hospital after the first symptoms of stroke in adults occurs on average 12-24 hours. For children this time is from 48 to 72 hours.

This difference in treatment time is partly due to the widespread perception that stroke never occurs in children. Croup, rubella, chickenpox - all of these diseases are associated with childhood illnesses, but not stroke.

However, children really suffer from a stroke. And, despite the fact that the percentage of morbidity in childhood is small, this pathology in children is of particular importance.

A stroke in childhood is a rarity

Cases of stroke in children under the age of 15 years are found annually with a frequency of approximately six cases per 100 thousand children. And although growth in these indicators has not been highlighted recently, stroke and other cerebrovascular disorders are among the top ten common causes of child mortality in the United States.

Causes of stroke in childhood

Before stroke, adults often have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, alcohol and obesity.

In contrast, the causes of childhood stroke are most often associated with the presence of congenital defects, infections (meningitis and encephalitis), traumas, and blood diseases.

Consequences of a stroke

In people who have a stroke in childhood or adulthood, the consequences of this pathology may vary.

As a result of damage to the brain cells for stroke children, as well as for adults, problems with speech and communication, paralysis or weakness on one side of the body are characteristic.

However, at an early age, there may also be some specific effects: childhood cerebral palsy, mental retardation, epilepsy.

Other complications of stroke in children include fever, changes in mental condition, malnutrition and complications of long-term bed rest.

Newborns and stroke

The likelihood of a stroke increases when a child's cerebral blood flow is violated in the process or immediately after birth. This is especially true for premature babies.

Newborn babies who have had a cerebrovascular accident in the fall or during the first months of life can lead to child cerebral palsy.

For proper growth and the formation of the brain during the fetal period, the fetus needs a sufficient supply of oxygen saturated blood.

In the case of impaired cerebrovascular circulation and stroke, blood and oxygen cease to flow into certain areas of the brain. This causes damage to the nerve cells and can lead to the development of cerebral palsy.

Children are better recovered

Although damage to stroke in childhood may be significant, the ability to recover in children is higher than in adults. This is due to the greater plasticity of their nervous system.

The baby's brain is still in development, and therefore has more possibilities for recovery. In most patients who have survived a stroke in childhood, with the help of timely treatment and rehabilitation, it is possible to achieve restoration of mobility of extremities, language skills.

Quick actions improve the result

The most effective stroke treatment can be provided within the first three hours after the onset of symptoms. Recognizing these symptoms and doing quick action, any person can thereby help the specialist prevent further damage to the child's brain.

Violations of cerebrovascular disease in childhood may be manifested by the same symptoms as in adults. Often the first complaint is an intense headache, eye movement disorder, difficulty in speech, and immobilization.

When a child has such symptoms, you can independently conduct some simple tests. First, ask the child to smile and pay attention to the symmetry of a smile, whether there is no immobilized one half of the face.

Next, you need to ask the child to raise both hands and pay attention to the lack of one of the weaknesses that the child can not lift or hold.

It is necessary to ask the child to repeat the simple sentence. Can he repeat it correctly? Is the sound corrupted?

If any of the above symptoms appear in your child, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible. The timely treatment depends on the preservation of the brain cells of the child, and sometimes the preservation of his life.

Stroke and children

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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