In today's life, a concept such as stress has become firmly established. Cortisol - a hormone produced by glands in stressful situations - in some cases may pose a serious health hazard.
Under stress, cortisol is released into the blood in much larger quantities than is necessary to regulate in the body such functions as:
- Blood pressure;
- Balance of sugar in blood;
- Metabolism of glucose and insulin;
- Immune function.
Stress launches in our body a state of readiness for combat, which is a reaction to a real or imaginary danger. It can be a car accident, when one needs to endure pain and discomfort, an important performance before a large audience, which requires increased concentration and rapid response, or staying in the long queue for a long time.
If the body at the right time gives a retreat to the adrenal glands, sending a signal to stop the stress, then the level of cortisol comes to norm. But most often, chronic stress leads to an ever-increasing level of cortisol in the body, and this can indeed be a danger.
Consequences of excess cortisol
The main requirement for a modern person is the ability to control stress. Cortisol, acting in high doses on the body, can lead to the following negative consequences: