The symptoms of flu and stomach upsets are very similar. So that you can not always understand what you are really sick of.
Stomach disorder - the term is popular, but from the point of view of physicians is incorrect. They call it gastroenteritis.
Sometimes people take symptoms of gastroenteritis for the symptoms of a viral infection, which we call the flu. In both cases, the patient is experiencing fever, muscle aches, fatigue. But there are differences. It is important for them to know that they are not mistaken.
What distinguishes the stomach upset from the flu
Stomach upset is actually an inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. It can be caused by a virus, allergy to dairy products, bacteria, parasites that have got into food through untreated water.
Influenza is a viral infection, and its first manifestations - chills and fatigue, difficulty breathing. Influenza can cause the viruses of groups A, B and C. And if the disease starts, it can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia, and sometimes even fatal outcome.
It is important to note that unlike gastroenteritis, the flu can not be treated with antibiotics.
Symptoms of gastroenteritis
Disturbance of the stomach manifests itself in the following way: the patient begins to erect a stomach, there are severe pain in the abdominal area, there is nausea, vomiting, diarrhea.
There may also be fever, headache, swollen glands - these symptoms may not be, it all depends on what caused the stomach upset.
Sometimes gastroenteritis leads to dehydration. In such cases, the patient needs urgent medical assistance. Symptoms of dehydration - burning eyes, thirst, dry mouth, loss of skin elasticity, decreased urine, tears.
Dehydration can be avoided if you drink the required amount of water and at the same time adhere to a special diet, which includes bananas, rice, dry bread. This diet is mild and will not irritate the frustrated digestive system.
What causes gastroenteritis
The disorder of the stomach may be caused by bacteria: Campylobacteria, E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, and others. They are responsible for at least 30-40% of cases of gastroenteritis in children.
Adults also more often suffer from viral infections: Norovirus, Adenovirus, Kalyitsviruses, Astroviruses. The reason for their spread is bad clothing.
Also, stomach upset can cause parasites such as lamblia and cryptosporidia. In this case, the patient has a high risk of dehydration, as both of these species are water parasites. They are most common in countries with poor water supply. Therefore, travelers are advised to consume bottled water.
Some foods may also disturb the balance of the gastrointestinal tract. Often adverse reactions are caused by dairy or seafood.
Finally, the cause of stomach upset may be poor hygiene. For example, things that are badly reachable are the carriers of particles that can cause gastroenteritis. That is why doctors call it a family affair, since in this case all family members are ill.
The most prone to gastroenteritis are pregnant women, infants, artificially-fed children, the elderly, as well as those whose immunity was seriously attenuated by any infection.
When to call a doctor
The doctor should be called in any case, even if the symptoms are poorly expressed, because delaying can lead to dehydration. To avoid this, drink more fluids.
Call signals should also be:
- Excessive drowsiness;
- Blood in a vomit or chairs;
- Dry mouth, lack of tear secretions;
- High temperature (above 38 degrees C);
- Bloating, pain in the abdominal cavity;
- Vomiting lasting more than two days.