The human brain is the main regulator of all processes in his body. For the normal performance of its duties, this "commander-in-chief" requires adequate food. It is carried out with the help of numerous blood vessels delivering oxygen to the brain to the brain. The movement is due to the regular reduction and relaxation of the walls of the arteries and veins.
A number of causes can provoke spasm of the vessels of the brain, which increases their tone. Prolonged absence of the phase of relaxation complicates the bleeding, as a result, there is a pronounced pain syndrome.
The appearance of any malaise is always due to any factors. The disease can not develop in an empty place. For such a pathological condition as the spasm of the vessels of the brain, there are more than enough causes. All of them can be divided into two main groups: medical and so-called household. The first include various diseases that violate the tone of the vascular walls:
- Atherosclerosis. Progressing narrowing of the lumen of the vessels is due to the deposition of cholesterol plaques on their walls;
- Osteochondrosis of the upper vertebral column. As a result of degenerative changes in the vertebral appendages there is a narrowing of the holes through which the arteries go to the brain;
- Vegetative dystonia. Dysfunction of the nervous system can contribute both to the long-term spastic state of the cerebral vessels, and to prolong their expansion, causing a violation of bleeding;
- Endocrine disorders. Problems with thyroid gland or complications of diabetes often provoke failures in the blood supply of tissues.
When spasm of the vessels of the brain causes may be physical or mental fatigue, lack of sleep, systematic stressful situations, as well as prolonged static, often sedentary, work. Very important role in breaking the vascular tone is smoking, alcohol, and malnutrition.
Significant influence on the reduction of arterial and vein walls provides weather conditions. Fluctuations in atmospheric pressure cause a specific reaction of the brain vessels in many people. Some of them can advance in an even closer way to changing the weather over a gradually increasing headache.
The main symptom of a violation of the tone of the cerebral vessels is a periodic headache. It may occur suddenly, in the event of a sharp spasm. If the tone does not change so quickly, the intensity of the pain increases gradually. This allows you to take the necessary measures to prevent the deterioration of the body.
With spasm of the vessels of the brain, the symptoms depend on the speed of its onset and duration. Gradual deterioration of bleeding, in addition to increasing pain, is accompanied by a number of specific features. It is an upsetting nausea, a feeling of lack of air, an accelerated heartbeat, blanche of a person. If spasm begins at night, the sleep becomes restless, intermittent. As a result, after awakening, there is a feeling of "breakdown" that leads to irritability or, on the contrary, to apathy.
In the case of a sharp spasm of the brain vessels, the symptoms are usually manifested by sudden paleness, sweating, numbness of the lips, cold extremities. Headache is characterized by considerable intensity, it is of a different nature, most often it is compression or depression. Often, this condition is accompanied by dizziness and vomiting, after which some improvement in well-being may occur.
Treatment and prevention
Periodically there is spasm of the cerebral vessels significantly impairs the quality of life. In addition, it is dangerous to the development of complications, the most terrible of which is an ischemic stroke. Prolonged disruption of blood supply causes various consequences, depending on the affected area. When there is a spasm of the vessels of the brain treatment should be directed, first of all, to the normalization of bleeding. This is achieved by the use of vasodilator and antispasmodic agents.
They contribute to lowering the vascular tone, improving the nutrition of the tissues, and relieving the pain syndrome. After conducting such measures for the removal of spasm of the vessels of the brain with essential drugs, it is extremely important to find out the cause of its occurrence. To do this, you need to undergo a survey that will allow you to find "weak spots" in the body. Further treatment involves a parallel effect on the blood vessels and the source of problems with them.
There are several reasons for spasm. This is a cervical osteochondrosis, and diabetes mellitus, and problems with thyroid gland. Therapeutic measures aimed at the underlying disease reduce the risk of cerebral ischemia.
To prevent spasm of the vessels of the brain drugs prescribed by the doctor, improve the blood supply of tissues, preventing the development of stroke.
To remove a headache of spastic character it is possible by means of point massage. To do this, you should press the dots located in the temporal fossa, on the penis, in the middle of the eyebrows and in their inner corners.
Like any disease, vascular spasm is easier to prevent than to deal with its effects. The best preventive measure is an active healthy lifestyle. It involves rational nutrition, reasonable physical activity, normalization of sleep and wakefulness.
Very useful as a means of preventing spasm of the vessels of the brain, such plants as moss, black-haired rowan, hawthorn and many others. Broths and infusions, made from them, strengthen the walls of the arteries and veins, as well as promote the removal of cholesterol plaques.