In response to the question of what to do when you have an earache, you can get a lot of different tips. From the recommendations to keep the ear warm, take abundant warm drink, to immersion in the ear canal of tincture of propolis or warm decoction of camomile.
In folk medicine, everything goes from clove oil to peeled garlic.
In fact, the pain may be mechanical, traumatic, infectious, or may be at all a symptom of diseases not associated with lor organs.
Therefore, before you follow the advice, you should contact an otolaryngologist (ENT doctor) who will determine why the ear is sore and how to treat a particular illness.
Hurt ear - causes
There are two types of pain - local and irradiating.
Local is felt directly in the area of the affected organ, that is, in this case in the ear area. Such painful impulse can arise for the following reasons:
Pathological processes in the external channel (pins, mechanical irritation, infection, blockage and inflammation of the organ of an ear due to excess sulfur);
- Rupture of the tympanic membrane;
- Pathological processes in the inner ear (overcooling, infectious diseases, pressure difference between the inner and outer ears);
- Shock load on the organ of hearing.
Irradiating or reflected - the pain comes from an organ distant from the pathological focus. In this case, when the ear is sore, the cause must be sought in the nearby organs. Irradiating pain pulses may occur for the following reasons:
- Infection of the paranasal sinuses;
- Inflammation of throat, teeth;
- Pathological bite;
- Arthritis of maxillo-temporomandibular joint.
When the ear is sore, local and irradiating impulses can be observed.
There are a number of common causes of disease, as well as appropriate methods of treatment.
Hurts the ear because of sulfur-free traffic jams
Sulfur has several functions - it removes foreign particles from outside, holds up fungi and bacteria, creates a moist environment for the tympanic membrane. Sulfur is gradually released during chewing, coughing, talking. But when the process of self-regulation is violated, a so-called sulfuric tube is formed, through which the ear is hurt.
An unpleasant sensation arises when the sulfur blockage reaches the tympanic membrane. Because the cork presses on the vagus nerve - there is dizziness, headache, vomiting, cough.
When constipation is sealed, in addition to having an earache, the patient experiences licking, hears the noise, distorts his voice and external sounds.
For the removal of bursa, such methods as washing with a syringe Zhanna, an electric injector, administration of softening preparations and removal of sulfur cork are used.
At home, when the ear is sore, drops for hearing aids often help to correct the situation. Before choosing, consult an otolaryngologist.
Hurts an ear due to infection
The organ of the ear is conditionally divided into the external, middle and inner ear. Infections of the outer part of the auditory passage include external otitis, which is also called the "swimmer's ear," since it often develops after water enters. However, in order to bring the infection, it's not enough to clean your ears with cotton gnoccus.
If the ear is sore and the temperature rises, there is a rash on the skin of the external auditory passage, which is highly likely to be associated with infection. In addition, unpleasant sensations may cause boils arranged on the outer part of the auditory passage.
Infection of the middle ear is called middle otitis media. She is most susceptible to infants and children under 6 years of age. This is due to the shape of the eustachian tube, which is wider and shorter in children than in adults. Because of this, in the cavity of the middle ear, the child often gets mucus from the nasopharynx, and in infants even food or when biting the contents of the stomach. If the reason for having an earache is an average otitis, then the unpleasant sensations will be aggravated when chewing, swallowing, because in these conditions the pressure in the auditory organ rises. Due to this ailment, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, weakness, retardation, loss of appetite, noise and ringing in the ears can develop. And, of course, there are two classic symptoms - the ear is sore and the temperature rises.
In severe cases, the average otitis can provoke a rupture of the tympanic membrane and deafness.
Inflammation of the inner ear, or viral labyrinth, manifests itself in the form of dizziness and noise in the ears. With bacterial inflammation, the ear is sore, and the temperature rises, the head rotates, the eyes move quickly and involuntarily, manure can be isolated from the anus.
In the case of external inflammation of the ear, the patient is prescribed antipyretics and pain medications. Medical aid is to clean the auditory passageway from pus and the accumulation of medical products.
In infectious pathologies, when the ear is sore, drops should contain antibiotics and cortisone. With average otitis are also prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. But specific treatment involves restoring the patency of the eustachian tubes. Therefore, when the ear is sore, drops are drowned in the nose - these are drugs for reducing swelling.
Antibiotics are also prescribed. With inflammation of the inner ear, the treatment consists in the knowledge of antibiotics and the removal of pus, which sometimes requires surgical intervention.
Rupture of the tympanic membrane
The drum membrane is a thin membrane that separates the outer and middle ear, and also transmits air vibrations to the auditory stomach. Therefore, hearing impairment occurs when the tympanic membrane is damaged. When the ear is sore due to the trauma of the above-described membrane, there is an acute pain, there is purulent, bloody or clear secretion, the noise in the ears, dizziness and hearing loss are reduced to its loss. If you have an earache how to treat it in this case?
As a first aid, it is recommended to close the external auditory passage with a lump of sterile cotton wool and apply a bandage. At the same time, if the ear is sore, drops or other preparations in the auditory passage can not be entered. The patient should be urgently directed to the ENT doctor, in severe cases, surgical intervention (tympanoplasty) will be necessary for restoration of hearing.
Pain in the ear when swallowed
When unpleasant sensations arise in the ear during swallowing, an ENT doctor will first suspect an acute otitis media first. However, if the symptoms do not confirm this, the cause may hide in the diseases of neighboring organs. For example, pain in the ear when swallowing - a symptom of malignant tumors of the larynx and oral cavity, in this case, discomfort is disturbing for a long time and accompanied by fatigue, apathy, weight loss, an increase in lymph nodes.
Abdominal pains in swallowing may also indicate mumps, especially if the patient has a swelling around the ear, fever, and malaise as with the flu. Also, pains arise with pharyngitis, tonsillitis and abscesses in the neck area, and are irradiating in nature. Self-treatment in any case is dangerous, and the necessary drugs and procedures can be prescribed only by an ENT doctor.