Branch lice: symptoms and diagnosis

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Branch lichen is a fungal skin disease caused by the Pityrosporum orbiculare fungus or Malassezia furfur. The illness lasts for a long time. Its appearance is facilitated by the heat and humid climate, so the incidence of slove-like lichen is higher in hot countries. Especially it is inclined to young men.

Causes of the disease

The fungus, which is the causative agent of the disease, is present on the skin of healthy people. Under certain conditions, he begins to actively share, which leads to the appearance of symptoms of scallop legs. Immune deficiency states, disorders from the endocrine system (for example, diabetes mellitus, etc.) are attracted to its development, increased sweating.

The disease does not present an epidemic danger, but the sick person still needs to use individual items of personal hygiene. Branch lichen is not dangerous to health in a typical form, but aesthetically unpleasant for the patient and people around him.

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Falling on the skin, the fungus begins to actively multiply in the hornblue, causing it to be loosened. The colonies of the fungus have the appearance of reddish brown dots, which, merging among themselves, form on the skin spots with rough edges. Their color ranges from pink to dark brown, so the disease got the second name - multicolored lichen.

The pathogen allocates a special substance that reduces the ability of melanocytes to synthesize melanin, so the skin under the spots does not sunbathe and stands out on the surrounding background.

Even after complete treatment, these pale areas persist for a very long time, pigmentation of the skin is restored sometimes only in a few months. Typical places of localization of spots - chest, spine, neck, lateral surfaces of the body. The focal points of the lesion tend to spread and merge with each other.

How to diagnose and treat the disease

The examination and treatment is performed by a dermatologist. Rashes with lichens have a number of characteristic features that allow you to accurately diagnose. If you smudge the stain, you can detect slight peeling.

With multicolored lichen is a positive Baltser test. For her holding on the spot and adjacent to him, the skin is applied to the solution of iodine, and then quickly wipe this area with alcohol. The affected areas are stained much stronger than healthy skin, in a dark brown color. When studying in the light of the Wood Wood column, the fungus glows with reddish-yellow light.

In the treatment of the main role is the application of antifungal agents. In most cases, they are sufficiently local for use in the form of creams and lotions.

Systemic antifungal agents are prescribed only with a large skin damage to reduce the time of treatment.

To improve the exfoliation of the horny layer of the skin containing the fungus, the skin is wiped with salicylic alcohol. Effective shampoos and lotions that contain selenium are also effective.

Usually, with the correct and systematic treatment, the spots on the skin quickly pass, leaving behind the areas of depigmentation.

Prevention of multicolored lichen

Even with successful treatment it should be remembered that the disease may occur again. The risk of relapse is greatly increased if a person has the factors leading to the development of the disease.

As a prevention, especially in the summer, periodically wipe the skin with salicylic alcohol. You can also use local antifungal drugs (creams, lotions) once every two or three weeks.

It is necessary to regularly wash and iron iron clothes, bed linen, to handle washcloths.

Branch lice: symptoms and diagnosis

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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