Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin disease associated with quantitative changes and disorders of the metabolism in the sebaceous glands and subcutaneous fat tissue of the head. The disease is characteristic of the young and adolescence.
The causes of the disease are most often nerve and endocrine disorders. Also, the appearance of seborrhea may be due to age and hormonal changes in the body, which results in increased secretion in the skin and sebaceous glands.
It is possible to increase the symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis in the presence of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, chronic foci of infection, with a decrease in immunity, lack of vitamins and skin contamination.
The main symptoms that begin to appear in the acute phase of seborrheic dermatitis are traditionally itching and peeling of the skin with the appearance of characteristic small scales of whitish color.
Depending on the causes and depth of the seborrhoeic process, inflammatory changes in the scalp, as well as the transition of the process to the face of the skin in those places where the sebaceous glands most are eyebrows, nasolabial folds, less inguinal and perineum folds, may appear.
If you do not take action at an early stage of the disease, the follicular nodules of bright yellow may appear on the skin, which is a consequence of the inflammatory process. And one of the most indicative symptoms is the clogging of hair follicles of the horny septum of secretion and horny scales - the so-called comedones.
Diagnosis and treatment
Diagnosis of seborrheic dermatitis, as a rule, does not cause great difficulties for specialists, but it needs to be differentiated with a number of other skin diseases, such as psoriasis or systemic lupus erythematosus.
When choosing the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis you need to rely on the causes, cause it, but in any case the main antifungal, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory therapy. The priority of a particular type of therapy depends on those factors that are dominant.
Be sure to monitor and correct the diet during the period of exacerbation of the disease.
If the exacerbation occurs in the autumn-winter period, it may be due to insufficient amount of sunlight, and in this connection, recommended therapy with UV rays. General therapy is used to strengthen immunity, normalize the functions of the nervous and endocrine systems. Vitamins of groups A, B and C are most often recommended.
The main symptoms are treated locally. For the treatment of the scalp, a shampoo with ketoconazole is recommended. You can also wash your face and other affected parts of the body with a shampoo.
In severe cases, with very severe symptoms apply corticosteroids in the form of lotions, gels, shampoos. If the process is wet, the Castellani paint is used on the site of affected areas.
But each case has its own peculiarities and causes, and therefore it is necessary to resort to treatment only after receiving a qualified consultation of a dermatologist.