When in contact with harmful substances, the enamel can break down, which makes teeth vulnerable. Restoration of damaged tooth enamel is a very complicated process.
Tooth enamel is the hardest substance in the human body. However, without proper care, dental care and proper nutrition, it can be destroyed.
What is a tooth enamel
Enamel is a translucent hard shell that covers teeth and protects them from the effects of low and high temperatures, as well as the effects of chewing, biting, and friction.
Damaged tooth enamel is very difficult to restore. Unlike broken bones, which subsequently grow, the cracks and chips in the tooth enamel are permanent, since it does not contain any living cells, so the body can not build it independently.
Causes of tooth enamel erosion
The most common cause of tooth enamel destruction is the influence of various acids. The source of acids may be excessively carbonated, fruit and soft drinks, alcohol (beer, wine), as they contain high levels of phosphoric and citric acid.
Dry mouth, which can be caused by some diseases, and treatment with certain drugs (antidepressants, muscle relaxants, antihistamines, etc.), leads to the absence of natural protection of enamel teeth-saliva.
Other causes of erosion of enamel of teeth may also be mentioned:
- Nutrition with high content of starch and sugar;
- Gastrointestinal disease;
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD);
- Exogenous factors (friction, wear, stress, bulimia, alcoholism).
Signs of damage to the tooth enamel
The damage to the enamel of the teeth is manifested differently, depending on the stage. In the early stages, it is a change in the sensitivity and color of the teeth, in the later in the tooth enamel there are cracks and from time to time, the sensitivity is increased at times, and pain can overtake a person even during a sharp inhalation.
Ways to restore tooth enamel
- Natural restoration of tooth enamel
The body can not restore damaged tooth enamel, but in the first stages of erosion it can be strengthened. There are a number of vitamins that can help protect and strengthen the enamel of the teeth. It is a vitamin C that helps the body produce collagen and dentin, vitamin D, which promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, vitamin A, which supports keratin in the tooth enamel, and vitamin K, which binds calcium.
A range of toothpastes and flushing fluids will help prevent tooth decay. A good hygienist will help to protect and restore the enamel of teeth - recommend a paste and a solution, teach you to properly brush your teeth with a thread and a brush, and also remove the tooth stone.
- Reminerization of dental enamel
This method returns the density of the enamel of the teeth with the help of chemical compounds that allow the mineral components to enter both its upper and deep layers.
Rinsers, toothpastes are the simplest means for remineralizing tooth enamel. Fluorination with different gels, applications and varnishes is a more serious procedure. Deep fluoridation of teeth occurs through two chemical fluids, one of which deeply penetrates into the pores, and the second stimulates the reaction of the first one.
- Sealing of tooth enamel
Cracks and cracks in the enamel of the teeth are filled with amalgams (compounds with mercury, silver, tin, copper and other metals) or gel (a mixture of resin, glass and quartz). In order not to miss the cracks, the doctor fills them with a temporary dye, which allows you to accurately see the size of the crack.
- Implantation of tooth enamel
One of the newest methods for restoring enamel teeth is the implantation of materials that are as close as possible to the dental fabric, which contributes to the natural symbiosis of the coating and enamel. Such an implant can serve for decades, protecting the damaged layer, and also correcting the color and even the shape and bite of the teeth.
If the destruction of the enamel of the teeth went too far, there are some deep cracks on it, and ceramic or porcelain veneers - plates that are fixed on the surface of the tooth - are used. However, they require replacement every 10-20 years, and each time before the installation it is necessary to re-tune and a healthy enamel.