Various programs for the rehabilitation of people with residual vision, as a rule, are ineffective if their compilation does not take into account the psychosocial aspects of this category of rehabilitation.
People with residual vision differ in degree, type of violation, age and time of visual disturbance, but almost all of them have a disability.
All people in this category also differ in degree of adaptation to the defect. For example, one person, having lost the ability to see, for a long time retains the functions of sight, while the other is unable to function independently.
In addition, people with residual vision are much worse adapted to the conditions of the outside world than those who have lost visual functions without the possibility of their recovery or does not see from birth.
Problems with group membership
The terms "blind" and "blind" divide people into social groups for which a certain niche and certain stereotypes of the behavior of others are fixed in society. Each member of society has his or her own expectations for both one and the other.
For people with residual vision, such a niche does not exist due to the diversity of varieties of residual vision, its types and forms. In society, an understanding of the person with residual vision as a sight is formed.
However, if children with residual vision incorrectly put diagnoses, they are given an inappropriate view of education, which, as a result, they can not attribute themselves to either the blind or the visually impaired and do not find a place in the corresponding social group.
A person with residual vision, like any other person, wants to belong to a group, needs and strives for self-identification. For example, if a person wants to belong to a group of blind people, then he behaves like them, and if a person determines his belonging to a sight group, then his behavioral manifestations are in accordance with the rules and regulations of the specified group.
Features of people with residual vision
It is important in rehabilitation of people with residual vision to maximize the use of the balance at all stages of personality development. Effective use of residual vision is determined by the physical and emotional health of people, factors and environmental conditions. These factors include the size, color and shape of the font, objects, illumination at different times of day.
People with residual vision require an adequate attitude to them and an understanding of what kind of social community they belong to. It depends on their behavior and the normal formation of personality characteristics.