Pica Disease - a disease characterized by atrophy of the cerebral cortex.
Peak's disease affects the neurons of the brain, leading to their atrophy. Occurs mainly in women over the age of 50 years. The cause of the disease remains unclear. There is a hypothesis about the hereditary nature of the disease.
Pike Disease: Symptoms
Peak's disease develops in three stages. Duration of the disease is about 10 years.
- For the first stage, non-motivated actions, violations of social functioning of a person are characteristic. Subsequently, the symptoms appear stronger, frontal syndrome develops. There is an exacerbation of selfish orientation of the individual with the exaggeration of instincts that are not subject to conscious control. Some patients become sexually abusive, tend to meet physiological needs without taking into account time and place. Significantly increasing the importance of rigid stereotypes in behavior, as well as conservatism. The patient tells the same stories, anecdotes, shares the same secrets. In the emotional sphere, apathy or unproductive euphoria prevails. With the increase of the frontal symptom, there is a constant instinctive relaxation, "field behavior".
- For the second stage characterized by focal symptoms: aphasia, amnesia, agnosia, apraxia, acalkulation, hyperalgesia of the skin.
- For the third stage is characterized by a marasmus with the transition to a vegetative coma. At the same time the patient reduces muscle tone.
Pick's Disease: Diagnosis
Diagnosis of the disease is performed predominantly during EEG studies. In patients suffering from Peak's disease, there is a decrease in the voltage from the frontal implants.
When conducting a computer tomography, signs of frontal atrophy are determined - thinning of the furrows, expansion of the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles, enlargement of the anatomic spaces, reduction of the density of the cerebral matter in the atrophy departments.
Necessary differential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, hebefrenic on schizophrenia, malignant and benign neoplasms, other processes occurring in the frontal sections.
Pick's Disease: Treatment
Treatment of Peak's disease is mainly symptomatic, aimed at the cause that led to the development of the disorder. Given the fact that it is not possible to determine the cause in some cases, the therapy is aimed at alleviating some of the symptoms of the disease. With increased excitation, apathy or irritability, the patient is prescribed special psychotropic drugs that have stimulant or sedative effect.
The forecast is unfavorable. Regardless of the treatment performed, the disease progresses, which leads to total disintegration of the language, global dementia, loss of recognition ability, disruption of activity, complete helplessness and malaise.
In the later stages of the disease, Peak's patients are hospitalized in a psychiatric hospital.