Everyone can be afraid of something: dogs, darkness or air travel. But when one of such fears grows to such dimensions that begins to affect his life, he becomes a phobia.
Phobia is a mild mental disorder that manifests itself as a pathological fear of one or more factors in our lives that would never have seemed dangerous to other people. A person begins to panicly be afraid of a particular situation, type of activity or object.
There is a radical difference in this fear of everyday stress and anxiety, which is inherent in completely healthy people, when they are ahead, for example, an exam. In a healthy person, this excitement lasts for a while, while phobias accompany a person always, forcing him to make significant changes in his way of life.
Causes of phobia
The reasons for the occurrence of phobias are not fully understood, doctors believe only that phobias with a greater probability develop in people with high emotional, endowed with rich imagination and prone to anxiety.
The impetus to the appearance of a phobia may be any traumatic event or severe stress: hit the storm, bit the dog, etc. As a rule, phobias begin in childhood or adolescence, and women are 2 times more likely than men.
Conditional types of phobias
There are over 300 varieties of phobias, and all of them can be classified as up to five species.
- Phobias related to natural phenomena: thunderstorms, winds, reservoirs and the like.
- Animal phobias - fear of predators, snakes, dogs, insects, etc.
- Phobias of situations: elevators, open spaces, communication.
- A phobias of illnesses and injuries, which includes everything from fear of blood to the fear of death.
- Other phobia, the most diverse and unexpected, for example fear of number 13 or fear of suffocation.
Symptoms of phobia
In a collision with a frightening object or situation, a person feels a panic, he has a strong heartbeat, dizzy head, breaks cold sweat. Even fainting is possible
How is phobia treated?
Phobia is treated by psychiatrists by methods of group congenital and behavioral therapy, which teaches people to overcome their fears. Also, the doctor prescribed sedation (if necessary).
How to understand that you have phobia
You can suspect this in the following cases.
- If you notice more than 6 months in your fear of something specific.
- If you realize that your fear is inadequate to a situation or an object.
- If fear is manifested very strongly in the form of a panic attack.
- If fear prevents you from going to work, to the store and doing other everyday things.