Pain in the shin is a symptom that can be a manifestation of many serious illnesses and conditions. But being timely diagnosed, he is successfully treated.
In the pain of the legs, which is not connected with ordinary sports and exercise, especially in those cases where the pain is permanent or acute painful nature and is accompanied by a number of additional symptoms, such as an increase in temperature, it is necessary to contact a surgeon, a phlebologist, a traumatologist, Neuropathologist or therapist.
The most common causes of pain in the legs
- Venous thrombosis Constitutes more than 50% of cases of pain in the leg, but does not have strictly specific manifestations, therefore the exact diagnosis can be put only by the doctor, and for this purpose it is necessary to undergo additional researches.
- Varicose veins of the lower extremities - One of the most common causes of pain in the area of the calf muscles and the appearance of swollenness in the ankle joint, the foot, muscles of the leg, often associated with prolonged stay on the legs (by activity), and also occurs after pregnancy.
- Hormonal contraception. Sometimes lactation in the shanks of young women is associated with prolonged use of hormonal contraceptives.
- Different types of muscle injuries and ligaments of the shin. In case of pain in the legs, there is always a history of injury (stretching, rupture, slaughter, hematoma, etc.).
- Muscle ischemia, Associated with hypoxia - oxygen fasting of tissues - due to insufficient arterial blood supply, usually due to pathology of arterial vessels (Raynaud's disease, obliterating atherosclerosis, etc.).
- Neurogenic pain Mainly associated with violation of innervation and are observed in the peripheral nerves (neuritis of any nature from traumatic to inflammatory) and the central nervous system, with osteochondrosis.
- A rupture of the popliteal cyst, or Baker's cyst, Is most often manifested against the backdrop of long-standing bursitis and is one of the complications of arthritis or arthritis of the knee joint.
- inflammation Tendons (Achilles), muscles and ligaments of the lower limb (myositis, legamenttitis, tendinosis), subcutaneous fat (cellulose, phlegmon).
- Secondary bone defeat With blood diseases, ostealgias may appear in cancerous conditions - pain in the bones of the leg.
Additional symptoms of pain in the legs
It is advisable to seek out the physician to analyze the nature of your disturbing sensations (except for pain syndrome), the time of their appearance and character. This will help the doctor to make a more accurate diagnosis, minimizing additional research.
Additional symptoms with pain in the leg may include:
- Feeling of heat and burning;
- Increased frostiness;
- Sensation of tingling or numbness;
- The appearance of muscle weakness and instability;
- Irradiation of pain along the shin, in the thigh and the foot, adjacent joints;
- Appearance by the court or minor contractions of the muscles of the type of nerve tick;
- Changes in the color of the skin (blueness, hyperemia, cyanosis) and the structure of the skin - the appearance of telangiectasia (vascular spiders and stars), varicose nodes, areas of increased pigmentation or long healing wounds and trophic ulcers.
Diagnosis of the causes of pain in the legs
To clarify the nature and causes of pain in the legs, as well as setting the correct diagnosis, the doctor may appointchild examinations: