Ovarian cyst is a pathological benign formation that occurs in the tissues of the ovary and is a cavity filled with fluid. Most often cysts are formed in women of childbearing age (about 30% of women are confronted with this gynecological problem).
Types of ovarian cysts: dermoid, yellow body cysts, follicular, endometroid and mucinous. Moreover, endometroid and mucinose can eventually develop into malignant tumors and spread to a fairly large area.
The so-called functional ovarian cysts, which grow out of the structure produced by the ovaries during ovulation, are the most common. Such educations in most cases do not require treatment, since they are formed and subsequently resolvable (for two - three menstrual cycles) asymptomatic.
Cyst - the causes of occurrence
The main causes of ovarian cyst: genetic and hormonal disorders, abortion, hypothyroidism, folliculogenesis and endocrine disorders. In girls and young women, cyst can develop due to the influence of external factors (severe occupational and living conditions, poisoning, irradiation, etc.) and internal (adrenal and thyroid diseases, chronic diseases, various infections, etc.).
Quite often, women who have been diagnosed with this ovarian tumor have had hormonal instability, provoked by stress, excessive stress, depression and emotional depression. In this regard, it can be assured with certainty that all diseases are caused by nerves.
Appearing discomfort at the bottom of the abdomen, which manifests itself by the dying pain that is given to the lumbar and rectum. Prolonged or shorter intermenstrual interval, owing to improper functioning of the ovaries, it becomes impossible to get pregnant. In the event of a rupture of the cyst capsule, there is a severe cutaneous pain in the lower abdomen, and when it is inflated, the body temperature rises to 39C. In cases where the leg of the cyst is twisted (it happens quite often), there is painful pressure on the intestine, which is accompanied by a stomach upset and nausea. In cases of significant tumor enlargement pressure on the bladder is created, resulting in disturbances of urination.
It is also necessary to know that in some cases, this disease develops asymptomatic, so it is extremely important to regularly allocate time to attend a gynecologist and do an ultrasound examination of the pelvis.
Diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cysts
- Visual gynecological examination, including protivation and superficial examination of genital organs;
- Computer tomography and ultrasound examination;
- Pregnancy Test;
- Puncture of the vagina;
- General analysis of blood and urine;
- An analysis to detect the presence of tumor markers - antibodies.
Treatment of ovarian cysts is prescribed purely individually, based on the results obtained after the diagnosis, and is carried out both surgically and medically.
In the case of the detection of asymptomatic small cysts, the treatment is postponed for 2-3 menstrual cycles, thereby allowing the possibility of newly formed self-dissolving.
With bone of the yellow body or follicular bone, medication is prescribed, which includes the administration of hormonal drugs (contraceptives) that promote the resorption of these tumors. In the case of the need for integrated therapy, an anti-inflammatory drug is added.
If during 2-3 menstrual cycles, resorption of tumors did not occur - surgical treatment is prescribed.
Laparoscopy is the most common method of surgical treatment of ovarian cysts, which allows the preservation of genital organs (achieved through the use of unique surgical instruments: the tumor capsule is removed with minimal injury to healthy ovarian tissues). Due to this, the woman retains the opportunity to become pregnant and, consequently, to give birth to a child.
Timely treatment of any inflammatory processes that develop in the pelvic organs. Maintaining a regular menstrual cycle. If possible, avoid poisoning, injuries, nicotine and alcohol.