Acute vascular disability syndrome: first aid

Peripheral Vascular Disease (Pvd) - Causes, Symptoms & Pathology (Health And Medical Video May 2018).

The syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency has its manifestations: fainting, collapse and shock, having common signs (peripheral manifestations). They all require immediate medical assistance.

The syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency develops as a result of a sharp decrease in the volume of circulating blood and the deterioration of blood supply to vital organs. Symptoms of peripheral circulation disorder occur on the background of falling vascular tone in infections, poisonings and other critical states of the body. Signs of the syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency are:

  • Cold sticky sweat;
  • Pallor of mucous membranes and skin;
  • Slept veins;
  • Increase or no pulse;
  • Cold extremities

The main manifestations of the syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency are fainting, collapse and shock. They all have different clinical manifestations and methods of emergency care.


Short-term loss of consciousness caused by ischemia of the brain is called fainting. This is one of the most common manifestations of acute vascular insufficiency syndrome. Fainting can also be caused by fatigue, heavy physical activity, psycho-emotional shock, indifference in the room, severe pain or a sense of fear. Fainting is also characteristic of some organic diseases: hypotension, heart disease, cerebrovascular insufficiency.

During unconsciousness, short-term loss of consciousness and pallor of the skin are observed. Eye reflexes, palpitations and breathing are preserved, but may have some deviations. When an obscure origin of an unconscious condition or the presence of an organic disease in humans should be called ambulance. Before her arrival it is necessary to put a man on his back, while raising his legs. Uncover tight clothing, provide fresh air. It is possible to inhale ammonia.


The syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency has a more severe manifestation - collapse. In this state, a person's blood pressure and pulse drops sharply, body temperature decreases, pallor of the skin and sweating, and skin marble, anuria or oliguria, and manifestations of hypoxia of the brain. Before the arrival of ambulance should be placed so that the head was just below the body. This will provide blood flow to the brain.


The syndrome of acute vascular insufficiency is the most severe manifestation of shock. This is a severe violation of the vascular tone. The shock state can be caused by anaphylaxis, large blood loss, trauma, exogenous poisoning, severe burns.

One form of shock is a cardiogenic shock. It occurs when a combination of heart failure, vessel tone, violation of hormonal regulation and electrolyte or acid-base balance. First aid to a person in a state of shock should be aimed at eliminating the possible cause of shock (such as bleeding or burns).

All signs of acute vascular insufficiency, and especially more severe forms (collapse and shock), require an immediate emergency call.

Acute vascular disability syndrome: first aid

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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