Obsessive-compulsive disorder: causes and symptoms

Health And Medical Video: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Ocd) - Causes, Symptoms & Pathology (April 2019).


Obsessive thoughts and actions.

The main symptom of the obsessive-compulsive disorder that distinguishes it from other conditions is increased anxiety and fear arising from obsessive thoughts and actions.


While the specific cause of the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder is unknown, a certain role in its development is played by hereditary predisposition, as well as the violation of the chemical processes in the brain.

People with family history of obsessive-compulsive disorder are at risk for the development of this disease. In addition, a special genetic variation was discovered, the presence of which doubles the risk of developing OCD. Disturbances in the exchange of serotonin in the brain also affect the development of the disorder. It is believed that the risk of developing OCD can increase some of the strong stress and traumatic situations.

Symptoms of OCD

Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder may appear and disappear, the severity of their severity may vary from weak to strong. The most important symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder is increased anxiety. For example, suddenly there is an unwarranted concern that, if not done, something bad may happen.


Obsessive and undesirable thoughts, ideas, impulses that arise again and again and from which it is impossible to get rid of. Obsessive thoughts interfere with normal life, cause fear, anxiety, anxiety.

The essence of obsessive thoughts can be varied, here are examples of the most common obsessive thoughts:

  • Fear of suffering or harming oneself or others;
  • The constant need to rearrange, organize things in a special order;
  • Fear of dirt, microbes, infections, fear of getting any illness, getting sick.


Another symptom accompanying obsessive-compulsive disorder is compulsive, compulsive action.

Intrusive actions are actions taken in an attempt to control obsessive thoughts. Depending on obsessive thoughts, compulsive actions can also be very different - from simple ritual movements, in which there is an urgent need to repeat, to more complex and complex changes in behavior, caused by prevailing intrusive thoughts.

Examples of compulsive actions:

  • Frequent washing of hands;
  • Constant check of what was done;
  • Permanent actions, accompanied by an account;
  • Repetition of words and phrases, including a certain number of times;
  • Permutation of things, accumulation.

Obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions caused by them during OCD accompany the patient for a long time, weakening and intensifying, disappearing and reappearing. They lead to an inevitable manifestation of anxiety, fear, anxiety, interfere with normal life, work and relationships.

Some people realize that obsessive thoughts and fears are unrealistic, but at other times they may doubt or start believing in their reality.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder: causes and symptoms
Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases