Key Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer: How To Detect The Illness At An Early Stage
Cervical cancer occurs when cells of the epithelium of the cervical canal begin to uncontrollably share. Neck - the lower part of the uterus, which connects the cavity of the uterus to the vagina. The earlier the cervical cancer is diagnosed, the more likely it is to recover. Today, thanks to the pap test, cervical cancer can be detected at its earliest stages.
What is the cause of cervical cancer?
Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Infection occurs when unprotected sex with people already infected with this virus. There are several HPV viruses. Not all of them lead to cancer. Some lead only to the development of genital papilla and warts. Some types of HPV do not lead to any symptoms at all.
You can carry an HPV virus for many years and do not even know about it. It is hidden in the body and will lead to cancer in a few years after infection. That is why a regular cytological test is required. With this test, you can detect zlokachestvlenie in cages of the cervix before the development of cancer. If you list these altered cells, you can prevent the development of cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer: the main symptoms
The change in the cervical canal epithelium cells is rarely accompanied by complaints. But if there is a transformation into cancer, the following symptoms may appear:
1) Blood in the vagina outside the menstruation or obscure change in the menstrual cycle.
2) Bleeding in contact with the cervix during sexual intercourse or when setting the diaphragm.
3) Pain during sexual intercourse.
4) Blood veins under vaginal mucus.
How is cervical cancer diagnosed?
Regular examination by a gynecologist should include a pap-test. In this case, the doctor scratches a small number of cells from the surface of the cervix and watches whether they are changed. If the pap test reveals abnormal changes in the cervical canal cells, additional precancer tests and cancerous changes in the cells may be possible.
Also, with changes detected by pap-test, a physician can take a cervical biopsy, especially if there is a suspicion of cancer, such as during bleeding during intercourse or other early cervical cancer symptoms.
How To Cure Cervical Cancer
At an early diagnosis of cervical cancer, the cervix is almost always curable. Moreover, in diagnosis at the earliest stage and treatment, a woman will be able to have children in the future.
Treatment at a later stage almost always involves the removal of a tumor and makes a woman infertile. This treatment includes:
1) Surgical treatment: hysterectomy - removal of the uterus with the removal of all lymph nodes of the small pelvis and sometimes removal of both ovaries with appendages.
2) Radiation therapy
Depending on the stage of tumor enlargement, either one of the types of treatment or a combination of two or all of the three types of therapy is required.
Patients with cervical cancer are almost always depressed, they feel fear, sadness and anxiety. For better mental health it is recommended to visit support groups. Can help overcome the difficulty of talking with people who find themselves in a similar situation. You should contact your doctor for contacts from the nearest support group for cancer patients.
Can cervical cancer be prevented?
The best way to detect changes in the cervical canal cells before they are transformed into cancer is by pap-test. Regular examination almost always allows you to detect changes before they become critical. It is very important to continue to be observed by the doctor and to treat the modified cells after receiving abnormal changes on the pap test. This will help prevent the development of cervical cancer.
If you are less than 26 years old, you should be vaccinated against an HPV virus. The Gardasil and Cervarix vaccines presented on the market protect against two carcinogenic - capable of causing HPV cancers. Gardasil also protects against HPV types that cause the development of genital papilla. It is recommended that the vaccine be given three times a day for 6 months. The vaccination of girls is recommended at the age of 11-12 years, before the beginning of sexual life. According to the manufacturer's recommendations, these vaccines can be used to vaccinate women from 9 to 26 years of age.
The virus that causes cervical cancer is sexually transmitted. The best way to protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) remains withholding. If you are having sex, do it safely using condoms. The more women with sexual partners, the greater the likelihood of becoming ill with IDUs and other STDs.