Narcissistic disorder is a personality disorder in which a person, sincerely considering himself to be better than others, needs admiration and a good attitude of others.
Narcissistic personality disorder is described as a disorder in which self-anxiety and arrogance are brought to the limit.
In the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the narcissistic disorder is not isolated as a separate disease, but belongs to the category of other personality disorders. However, the Manual on Diagnosis and Statistics on Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) describes the criteria necessary for the diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder.
People with narcissistic personality disorder in most cases have the following features:
- Excessive self-esteem, excessive boastfulness;
- Constant expectation of attention and admiration from others;
- The idea that they are better than others in any way;
- Exaggeration of their talents, abilities, successes and achievements;
- Hidden vulnerability;
- Setting up unreal, unattainable goals;
- Use other people to achieve their goals.
In addition, the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder may include:
- Fantasies about their own boundless possibilities, strength, power, success, beauty;
- Frequent reflections on their exclusiveness and great fate;
- The thought of a person as a unique person, understood only by such outstanding people;
- The expectation that other people without any doubt and vibration will fulfill their wishes;
- The inability to recognize the feelings and expectations of others, indifference to them, the lack of empathy;
- Frequent feeling of envy or conviction that others are jealous of them;
- Excessive sensitivity to image and criticism, including invented;
- Reaction to criticism in the form of anger, shame or feelings of humiliation;
- Arrogance and arrogance in relation to others.
In the diagnosis and treatment of narcissistic personality disorder there are certain difficulties associated with the fact that in most cases the patient does not disturb the disorder, and the surrounding people are perceived as a peculiarity of the person's personality.
Narcissistic disorder can not be treated with drugs, the only available method of treatment is psychotherapy.
However, the psychotherapy of this disease is complicated by the fact that people with narcissistic disorder do not seek help, considering it a shameful manifestation of weakness. To demand other people and their help to the patient seems something shameful and humiliating, so he hardly comes into contact with a doctor.
However, correct psychotherapy can ease the manifestation of the disorder and help the patient better adapt to his social environment.