Myofascial pain syndrome persons: causes, treatment

Myofascial Pain Syndromes With Dr. Greg Fors - Pain And Brain Healing Center 55449 (Health And Medical Video July 2018).

The myofascial pain syndrome of a person is called a complex of symptoms caused by changes in the muscles of the masticatory apparatus and mandibular joints, which is accompanied by a violation of their function and pain sensations.

The main signs of myofascial pain in the face are pain in the chewing muscles, sometimes extending to the entire face, limiting movements of the lower jaw (most often, opening the mouth), often accompanied by a crunch in one or two temporomandibular joints.

Myofascial pain syndrome of a person: causes of occurrence

It is now believed that the basis of the development of pain syndrome lies in the persistent spasm of the muscles of masticatory muscles.

As a result of this, muscle fibers are formed by local, spastically altered areas, called trigger points, which are detected by palpation. Around these trigger points are formed areas of protective voltage, which contributes to the spread of pain and the emergence of additional manifestations of it.

Very often the development of this syndrome is facilitated by the person's habit of straining the facial muscles, restraining certain negative emotions (such as compression of the teeth, tension of the mouth, neck muscle tension, etc.) in the event of the impossibility of their motor discharges.

All specialists recognize the role of psychogenic factor in the development of this pain syndrome. In modern society, where negative emotions are taken away, in the vast majority of their patients, masseurs and osteopaths detect the presence of trigger points and even zones in the cervico-shoulder region and facial muscles.

Manifestations of myofascial pain syndrome of the face

In addition to the characteristic localization of pain syndromes of varying intensity, many patients complain of:

  • Feeling of heaviness, discomfort, constant or rapidly developing fatigue in the chewing muscles;
  • Irradiation of pain in the teeth and jaw as a whole, in the ear, in the throat, in the sky;
  • Difficulty in chewing and swallowing.

Often, such patients are treated for a long time by dentistry from high tooth sensitivity to temperature changes, brushing and even chewing, as well as manifestations of arthritis of the temporomandibular joints, accompanied by crisp and clicks.

Some patients are concerned about periodically occurring facial nerve tears, accelerated smaragyvaniya, twitching, etc. In many patients with a myofascial pain syndrome of a person there is hidden or explicit depression.

Basic principles of diagnosis and treatment of myofascial syndrome of a person

Very often the diagnosis of "myofascial pain syndrome of a person" is established only after consultation of the patient with doctors of different profile: neurologists, dentists, orthopedists, otorhinolaryngology and ophthalmologists, as well as specialists in manual therapy (osteopathy, reflexology therapist, kinesiology), neurophysiologists.

Additionally, such patients appoint an electroneuromyograph, MRI head and neck, X-ray examination of the temporomandibular joints and teeth and other instrumental studies.

After discovering the cause of the disease, first of all try to relieve pain and persistent spastic myofascial tension. To do this, use anesthetics and antispasmodics, introducing them locally injecting, using a pharmacopunkture, electro-and phonophoresis, as well as in the form of ointments and tablet formulations. Often, treatment is complemented by the appointment of tranquilizers and antidepressants.

In many cases, additionally prescribed therapeutic massage, osteopathic therapy, counseling therapist and neurologist.

An important role in the treatment of myofascial syndrome of a person is the normalization of the regime of work and rest, especially night-time sleep, increased stress, full nutrition (with sufficient content in the diet of vitamins, especially the B group).

In the presence of dental pathology without its elimination, the treatment of the disease is ineffective or brings only a temporary result.

Myofascial pain syndrome persons: causes, treatment

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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