Multiformed erythema: symptoms, causes, treatment

Steven Johnson Syndrome (Sjs), Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (Ten) And Erythema Multiforme For Usmle (Health And Medical Video June 2018).

Multivariate erythema - an allergic-infectious disease, proceeding mainly in acute form. The patient appears polymorphic rashes on the mucous membranes and skin.

The disease can be recurrent in the spring and autumn periods. This disease is susceptible to men and women, mostly young and middle-aged.

Symptoms of multiform erythema

The disease is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • headache;
  • General malaise;
  • weakness;
  • Painful sensation in the throat;
  • Joint pain, muscle pain.

In most patients, the first rash appears within 24-48 hours after the onset of clinical signs of the disease. In some cases, rash may appear not only on the skin and mucous membranes of the mouth, but also on the genitals. Symptoms can be stored for two to three weeks.

In the absence of adequate treatment, the disease progresses. On the skin are papules of reddish-pink or swollen spots, which rapidly increase in size.

Causes of multiform erythema

Scientists have not established the exact causes of the disease.

In some medical sources, the development of multiform erythema is associated with a herpes simplex virus.

In addition, there is a theory that the development of multiforme erythema affects the use of a number of drugs (including antibiotics, penicillins, barbiturates), as well as infectious diseases, such as:

  • Mycoplasma pneumonia;
  • Echovirus infections;
  • Histoplasmosis;
  • Ornithosis

In some patients, the relationship between the development of multiform erythema and vaccination has been established.

Treatment of erythema multiforme

Treatment of multiform erythema reduces not only to eliminating symptoms and external manifestations, but also to prevent the development of relapses in the future.

In case of suspicion of the medical nature of the disease it is necessary to achieve a complete withdrawal of the drug from the body, which led to the development of multiform erythema, to rehabilitate the body, to eliminate the cells of the infection.

In the first few days the patient is shown bed rest. It is prescribed to receive antihistamines, 10% solution of calcium chloride, sodium salicylate.

In severe forms of the disease, the patient may be prescribed broad-spectrum antibiotics, hemodez, reopoliglyukin (drip), corticosteroids.

Additionally, local treatment is being conducted, whose purpose is to eliminate swelling, inflammation, and accelerate epithelization of erosions.

In the initial treatment of patients with complaints of frequent relapses, necrosis of the skin, lesions of the mucous, injections of betamethasone are prescribed. As practice shows, in the majority of patients it is possible to treat a relapse with only one administration of a preparation.

Multiformed erythema: symptoms, causes, treatment

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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