Types of allergens, symptoms of their allergic reaction, prevention and treatment.
Symptoms of allergy vary from slight eye irritation and nasal congestion to severe conditions with common edema and respiratory failure. They can be exacerbated by contact with any irritating and allergenic substance. And yet, there are a number of measures that help prevent and treat attacks.
The main allergens
The most common triggers include pollen, home dust mites, mold, animal magnifier, insect bites, latex, as well as some foods and medicines. Symptoms of allergy vary from slight eye irritation and nasal congestion to severe conditions with common edema and respiratory failure.
If you suffer from bronchial asthma, the symptoms of the disease can be aggravated by contact with any irritating and allergenic substance. And, nevertheless, there are a number of measures that help prevent and treat allergy attacks.
Allergy to pollen
The effect of pollen on the body can cause hay fever, or seasonal allergic rhinitis. His symptoms include sneezing, nasal congestion, abundant discharge from the nasal cavity and tearing. The treatment involves receiving antihistamines antiallergic drugs in the form of tablets or biting into the nasal cavity of special drops based on anti-edible or hormonal drugs.
Sometimes combined therapy is used: pills and drops. The option of treatment is also immunotherapy, that is, the introduction into the body of an allergen for therapeutic purposes.
- Use of air conditioners
- Staying in enclosed areas on windy days or at high concentrations of pollen in the air
- Closed windows
- Drying the clothes at home during the flowering of plants that cause allergies
Allergy to domestic dust mites
Homemade dust ticks are microscopic insects that live in an ordinary dust. Allergies do not occur on the mites themselves, but on their faeces. Symptoms are similar to seasonal rhinitis, but often accompany people all year round. Treatment: antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs, which are prescribed either in pills or in the form of nasal sprays.
- Covers for mattresses and pillows, which should be regularly washed in hot water
- Hypoallergenic pillows and bed linen
- Support for adequate humidity at 30-35%
- Regular wet cleaning
- It is desirable to get rid of things that accumulate dust: rugs, palaces, heavy curtains
Allergy to mold
Blubber fungi are microscopic parasites that may be in the air, like pollen. They appear in wet and humid places: a bathroom, basements, kitchens, as well as in grass, piles of leaves, hay, honey and mushroom picking. Symptoms of allergy to mold arise seasonally, usually in the summer. If the fungi live in your home, they can cause a reaction year-round. Symptoms of mold allergy are similar to pollen allergy. The treatment is carried out in the same way as described above.
To prevent malaria allergy, you should avoid such activities as collecting fallen leaves. The places of greatest humidity in the house should be well ventilated. Look for water stains and carry out repairs. Try not to admire domestic plants, because in their soil fungi live well and multiply.
Allergy to a pet's lotion
Some people have allergies to proteins that produce the sebaceous glands of animals, as well as their saliva. It takes some years to develop a full-fledged allergic reaction, and its symptoms may persist for several months after the contact with the animal has ceased. Symptoms of allergy include: sneezing, nasal congestion, itchy eyes and tears. Better treatment is the lack of exposure to animal proteins on the body. Antihistamines, anti-edemas and hormones are also used. In the chronic course of allergy immunotherapy is used.
- Removing an animal from home or, at least, from a bedroom
- Regular wet cleaning and weekly bathing of the animal
- Get rid of rugs and rugs and do not let the animals sleep or play on sofas and armchairs.
Allergy to insect bites
Any person in the place of an insect bite has swelling, redness and pain. However, in the presence of allergies, the situation can endanger life. What insects are especially dangerous? These are bees, axes, hornets, ants. Symptoms of allergy to insect bites: severe edema, redness and severe pain, which are often preserved for several days, nausea, weakness and slight increase in temperature.
In rare cases, an allergic reaction from the body may occur - an anaphylactic shock. His symptoms include difficulty in breathing, common urticaria, swelling of the face, lips or larynx, difficulty in swallowing, breathing with whistling, palpitations, tachycardia, anxiety, rapid and sharp drop in blood pressure. If you know that a person has severe allergy to insect bites, then immediately after the incident, you should enter a drug called adrenaline (or adrenaline). This will minimize the danger to life.
To reduce the risk of insect attacks, do not wear bright clothes, do not apply noticeable makeup and avoid garbage accumulation. Use insecticides and always wear outdoor shoes. At the bite, immediately pull the sting. If there is a risk of anaphylaxis, adrenaline should be administered. To reduce the symptoms of allergies, place a bite on the ice, take the painkiller and antihistamines. Sometimes hormones-corticosteroids are used to remove swelling and inflammation.
For some people with insect allergy, immunotherapy is appropriate.
Most often, this form of allergy occurs when using gloves from latex. However, it is often noted on condoms and some medical devices. Symptoms of latex allergy: skin rash and pruritus (especially in the place of exposure to latex products), tearing and pruritus, sneezing, coughing, nasal discharge, shortness of breath and breathing with a whistle. The severity of the signs may be different: from mild redness of the skin to anaphylactic shock.
For treatment, first contact with the latex product should be avoided. An antihistamine drug should be taken or an injection of adrenaline (epinephrine) be given. It is important to wear a special bracelet indicating the type of allergy and do not forget the first-aid kit with medicines for emergency care. For prevention such as under the influence of latex.
The most common products that cause allergies are milk, fish and seafood, eggs, nuts and wheat. An allergic reaction usually occurs within a few minutes after taking meaningful food. Her symptoms, which can be very pronounced, include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, rash and swelling of the skin around the mouth.
The best treatment is to not affect the effects of irritating products that are allergens. However, if the reaction still occurs, rinse the stomach and take antihistamines. In life-threatening situations, an injection of adrenaline or hormones is required.
In some people, allergies occur on separate drugs such as antibiotics or aspirin. Symptoms range from lung to life-threatening and include rashes, coughs, edema of the oral cavity and larynx, pruritus of the eyes. Best treatment - do not expose yourself to the effects of allergens, that is, medicines that cause you allergies. In case of reaction, antihistamines, hormones or adrenaline are required. When narrowing the airways and coughing, tools that extend the bronchi (bronchodilators) are used.