The main purpose of the study of the intestine is to test it for the presence of affected areas to assess the nature and prevalence of changes and the presence of neoplasms.
For colonoscopy, recto monomoscopy, irrigoscopy, and fibro colonoscopy are used.
This is a modern rectal study using a rigid tubular endoscope.
When conducting research, the doctor evaluates elasticity, color, relief of the mucous membrane, localization of pathological tumors and motor function of the rectum. With the correct conduct of the study procedure is almost painless.
Method of X-ray examination of the colon of the patient with the help of a special contrasting substance.
According to the results of a properly performed study, one can estimate the shape, location of the body, its length, elasticity and elasticity of the walls.
When conducting irrigoscopy, pathological changes in the relief of the mucous membrane of the large intestine, pathological tumors in it can be detected. This method of research is painless and easily tolerated by patients.
Fibrocolonoscopy is performed with the help of a thin, long and flexible endoscope, at the end of which there is a lighter and a lens. The study is to introduce the device through the patient's back passage to the entire length of the large intestine.
Colonoscopy is a method of studying all sections of the colon. You can use it to carry out photography, video, interior walls of the colon to perform biopsy to remove a small tumor.
Typically, this study is well tolerated but may sometimes pain.
Endoscopic ultrasound examination
When performing this study patient injected into the rectum to spot tumors ultrasonic sensor, which allows high enough up the correct diagnosis, to determine the depth of tumor lesions of the intestinal wall, the presence or absence of metastases around the rectum adjacent organs.
In addition, this study helps determine the status okolopryamokyshechnoy lymph nodes. This method of research is absolutely painless and safe for the patient.
For additional research bodies, that can penetrate metastasis of the colon and rectum, used computed tomography of the abdomen (liver, pancreas, lymph nodes, kidneys), radiography of the chest (state lungs, lymph nodes, chest).