Microsporia mostly affects children. The disease is very contagious, therefore children's groups can be observed epidemic outbreaks.
Microsporia is a fungal disease of the skin and hair. It is caused by fungi of the genus Microsporum.
There are anthropophilic and zooantropophilic species. They cause various forms of the disease, as well as different sources of infection.
Anthropophilous microsporum are infected from a sick person, zoontropophilamy - more often than dogs and cats, but infection is not excluded from humans.
The mushroom is transmitted through direct contact or through infected toys or clothing. Adults are infected very rarely, they only affect the smooth skin of the mushroom, the hair remains healthy. The incubation period is on average six weeks.
Forms and manifestations of the disease
Anthropophilic fungus causes a superficial form of microsporia. Possible damage to the scalp or smooth skin.
In the first case, the hair, struck by microsporum, breaks apart at a distance of 5-8 mm from the root. The peanut is surrounded by a gray muffle from the spore of the fungus. So there are rounded hearths of broken hair, the skin in which peeling. Around the central, large hearth are smaller ones.
Smooth skin of the mushroom is striking in the form of foci with clear boundaries, the edges of which forms a shaft of bubbles, scales and peas. Gradually the centers spread, forming quirky ring-shaped figures. The patches of hair are often also affected.
The most severe is infiltrative-suppurative form of microsporia. It is caused by zoo anthropophilous species of microspores.
In contrast to the surface microsporia, in this form there are cyanotic skin in the lesions, swelling, pustular elements.
In severe cases, the general condition of the sufferers also affects: the body temperature rises and the weakness is disturbed. Possible occurrence of allergic rashes in response to aggressive action of the fungus.
Early detection of the disease is extremely important in the epidemic, as the microsporium is rapidly spreading in children's collectives.
When establishing a possible fact of the disease, conduct a survey of smooth skin and scalp with a Wood light. In its rays, the affected area of the mushroom is shining with green light.
Microscopically investigate the scrap from the foci to detect the fungus. Sometimes an additional cultural study is carried out to determine the species belonging to the pathogen.
When confirming the diagnosis, it is necessary to inspect all people who have contacted the patient in the same way to detect the source of infection and the patients.
How are microspores treated?
Currently there are modern antifungal drugs without significant side effects that allow effective microsporia treatment.
At superficial form with the defeat of the hair and infiltrative-suppurative form the obligatory reception of antimycotic agents inside in the form of tablets.
The course of treatment is carried out until three negative scrubs are received on the mushroom. Hair on the head is shaved, cells are treated with iodine and antifungal creams.
With a defeat of smooth skin treatment is possible only by external means, but if broken Pushkova hair, then prescribe the intake of drugs inside. The child can not attend children's collectives until the final recovery.