Metroendometritis - is an infectious disease in which the inflammatory process occurs in the mucous membrane and muscle of the uterus, which takes place in two basic forms, acute and chronic.
Acute stage of metroendometritis
Usually metroendometritis occurs in acute form, and thus lasts within one week. The symptoms of this disease are reduced to an increase in body temperature, the appearance of chills, the appearance of weakness and excessive fatigue, often the human pulse is more frequent, pain appears below the abdomen, in the groin area. The temperature in the acute form reaches the mark of 39 degrees, and the pain in the lower abdomen is often able to give it to the groin or sacs.
Acute metroendometritis is characterized by severe pain in the uterus, there is strong, sometimes even unbearable pain in the uterus, there is swelling in the area of the problem organ. In the process of how the mucous endometrium passes into the process of complete rejection, it begins to move into the process of decay, which causes the inflammatory process to enter the muscles through the vessels and lymph nodes.
Complications with metroendometritis usually go into sepsis of the uterus, a disease characterized by the generalization of the infectious process, which is formed by the ingestion of the infection in the blood of a person that circulates throughout the body.
Often, the complication of metroendometritis is the continuation of the spread of inflammation to the area of the peritoneum and surrounding tissues.
Subgenital form of metrodendritis
Usually the main symptoms in the subacute form of metroendometritis are bleeding from the uterus, purulent and mucous discharge. But manure with subacute form of metroendometritis is not so intensely allocated, as in the case of acute form of this disease. Very often, the so-called subacute form, flows into the chronic stage of metrogendometritis.
The pain in the abdomen below the subacute stage is usually characterized as pulling, which is able to pass into the groin, lumbar, and sacrum. The subacute form is characterized by the presence of prolonged and quite abundant menstruation. In some cases even menorrhages occur. In the process of its highest intensity, the infectious process of this disease contributes to the destruction of myometrium fibers, resulting in a replacement of the connective tissue.
Very common disease, which is characteristic for women of adult age. Chronic metroendometritis, as well as acute, contributes to the defeat of the uterine mucus, then goes on to the muscular part of it. At the advanced stages, the transition of the disease to the stage of complications, which is usually characterized by inflammation of the pelvic vessels, leads to the formation of the inflammatory process of the peritoneum, it is less likely to cause serious illnesses such as sepsis.
Causes of chronic metroendometritis
Usually, the transition metroendometritis in the chronic stage, occurs when the wrong methods of treatment of the acute stage of the disease. Less frequent chronic form is an independent disease.
In many cases, the causes of chronic metroendometritis are the harmful effects of bacterial infection, in the role of which are most often chlamydia and other harmful microorganisms, which are transmitted from person to person by sexual means.
In some cases, the causes of chronic metroendometritis are the weakening of the protective functions of immunity, which leads to the activation of harmful microorganisms in the human body.
In some cases, the causes are the consequences of abortions and even some gynecological procedures. Also, the cause may be hidden in the effects of previous operations, such as the removal of tumor formations from the uterus or polyps.
Causes of acute metroendometritis
Infection with the disease may be due to the penetration of the septic infection in the body, in which can be gonococci, staphylococci, streptococci, even E. coli and others. Often they enter the body through the process of sexual intercourse, for example, during sexual intercourse during menstruation.
The cause of acute metroendometritis may be the common cold as a flu.
Causes may be the result of infection in the body during the process of or after childbirth. As you know, uterus is very unprotected from various infectious agents during the postpartum period.
Very often the causes are poor-quality gynecological procedures, in some cases the disease may be formed after surgical intervention, for example due to surgery for the removal of tumor formations, abortion, cesarean section, and others.
One of the most common symptoms of metroendometritis is:
- The appearance of purulent and bloody, sometimes mucous formations from the vagina;
- Increase in body temperature;
- The appearance of violations in the menstrual cycle of a woman;
- Leukocytosis (an increase in the content of leukocytes in the blood, which leads to the destruction of the body, the appearance of pain in the hands and feet, increase in body temperature and the appearance of sweating at nights and at moments of relaxation, difficulty breathing, etc.);
- Increase ESR (the rate of erythrocyte sedimentation in the body);
- Frequent miscarriages, infertility, lack of ovulation process.
Treatment of metroendometritis
Any treatment of an infectious disease, including metroendometritis, begins with the decision of the correct diagnosis. And in order to determine the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to pass a number of analyzes and procedures that will help the physician to verify the causes of the appearance of a specific problem, and, therefore, to appoint necessary and effective treatment.
Treatment usually includes the purpose of anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics, which the physician considers to be most effective in the treatment of each individual, individual case.
Treatment of acute metroendometritis
Any treatment of acute metroendometritis is carried out in a hospital. A special diet for this disease is not followed, but it is recommended to use food that is easily digestible and contains vitamins. Patients adhere to bed rest.
Treatment of chronic form
Treatment of the chronic form of metrogendometritis consists in the application of vitamin preparations, antihistamines. If there is no exacerbation, treatment is also carried out with the use of dipping, in rare cases, the treatment of mud, paraffin, other means.
Treatment of metroendometritis should not be delayed or interrupted, since both acute and chronic forms of the disease, inactivity provokes the development of various complications. Therefore, when symptoms appear that are similar to metroendometritis, it is necessary to seek medical help from a doctor.
Metroendometritis in pregnancy
Metroendometritis very often occurs precisely in the postpartum period, when the uterus is in the most unprotected position before various infectious agents. The most common postpartum metroendometritis, the symptoms of which are observed actively and noticeable to humans only after one week of development of the disease. Symptoms of postpartum metroendometritis are similar to those that occur in the acute and chronic form of the disease, pain appears below the abdomen and can be given back, from the vagina there are purulent or spotty secretions, sometimes mucous membranes.
Metroendometritis during pregnancy is a very dangerous disease, as it can lead to a process of detachment of the placenta and formation of miscarriage. Causes of metroendometritis in the postpartum period or during pregnancy may include colds, flu or angina, and more severe diseases such as typhus and malaria.