Disinfection in dentistry is one of the most important areas in dental practice. In this field there are two basic concepts - disinfection and sterilization.
Disinfection in dentistry is a collection of certain processes that provide a certain level of cleanliness at the workplace of the dentist. Disinfection involves not only instruments, working clothes of the doctor, but also the premises where the dental procedures are carried out. The complex of disinfection procedures includes the most simple methods of disinfection of the workplace: ventilation, disinfection of disinfectant solutions, control of freshness of air, etc.
Methods of disinfection in dentistry
In dentistry, the concept of "disinfection methods" is always used in conjunction with a term such as sterilization. Let's consider these phenomena in more detail.
- Disinfection - a method of eliminating harmful and pathogenic microorganisms from clothing, infected tools with the help of chemical disinfectants. Disinfection is subject to products that do not come into contact with the mucous membrane, injectable drugs or blood. Tools used for surgical operations of purulent or infectious origin, are disinfected before cleaning and sterilization. Disinfection in dentistry is carried out daily, taking into account special rules and regulations for a standard dentist's office.
- Sterilization. The process of destroying all possible microorganisms, including spores and fungi, by thermal, radiation or chemical effects on them. Sterilization is subject to all medical products that come in contact with mucous membranes, injections or blood. Sterilization is one of the components of the industry standard "Sterilization and disinfection of medical products".
Factors influencing the methods of disinfection in dentistry
The process of neutralizing microorganisms in dentistry depends on several important factors that provide the optimal and uninterrupted process of disinfection of the dentist's office.
- Water quality when disinfecting the room. Water for disinfection and steam sterilization should be of very high quality. Usually distilled or demineralized water is used. Each dental office should be provided with an autonomous distiller.
- Quality control of the sterilization process. Decontamination in dentistry is monitored by means of diagnostics of equipment - monitoring of parameters of pressure, duration of a cycle, temperature. Every year, bacteriological control of premises and equipment is carried out.
Methods of disinfection in dentistry are as important as the work of a dentist. Without proper sanitary and hygienic conditions in the dental office any dental work is impossible. In case of improper or negligent treatment of a disinfection of a medical facility, there may be a risk of infection with various infections, both by the patient and by the doctor.