Massage is one of the very effective means of rehabilitation for people who have suffered a stroke.
Massage helps in eliminating the disorders of skeletal muscle, is the best prevention of the development of complications of joints and nerves.
Health-improving massage effects
- Improves blood circulation in the affected limb, which has a beneficial effect on the joints, muscles and nerves, prevents the development of vascular and other complications (ulcers, bedsores, edema, congestive pneumonia, etc.);
- Promotes a better overall human adaptation, as it improves the functioning of its respiratory, digestive and cardiovascular systems;
- Has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, helps reduce or eliminate pain, improves the functioning of the brain and spinal cord, improves the state of psycho-emotional sphere.
Features of massage
Massage begins usually after the acute period of the disease goes down - in the absence of complications, sessions can begin in a week or a little earlier.
The technique of massage depends entirely on the shape of the stroke, the nature of the damage to the musculoskeletal system and, accordingly, the pursuit of goals.
So, if a stroke causes paralysis of the limb, characterized by the appearance of excessive strain in its muscles, massage movements should be relaxing. Excessively active movements will be contraindicated as they can worsen the situation. On the other hand, if the tension in the muscles is not pronounced, then too relaxing massage will also lead to an undesirable effect.
There is a huge amount of nuances, each of which should be taken into account, compiling a scheme of massage procedures for a particular person. That is why the massage, at least initially, should be commissioned by a professional masseur. An independent massage with relatives is permissible subject to compliance with all recommendations of the doctor and only after discharge of a person with a stroke for rehabilitation treatment.
Throughout the massage technician closely monitors the human condition, if necessary, he checks the heart rate, respiratory rate, controls the mind, etc. At the first signs of overwork, the massage session is over.
Typically, a series of massage sessions begin with a short and not too tedious procedures, gradually increasing the time and depth of influence - start with 10-minute sessions, gradually bringing the massage time to 20 minutes.
The first few months of massage, not usually allowed only massaged the affected extremity, back (back) and chest on the affected side. In early terms, the area of massage is minimal, during the procedure people do not even return, performing all the receptions on one side.
Increasing the effectiveness of the massage may pre-heat the affected muscles. For this purpose dry heat (special hotplates) or baths is used.
Massage is not the main method of treating people who have suffered a stroke, and does not replace special stamping and curative gymnastics.