Manual therapy is a complex of special soft methods of treatment, which is conducted exclusively by professional and sensitive hands of a specialist without any surgical intervention.
The greatest efficiency is achieved when passing the course of manual therapy, however, the first effect appears very quickly - after 1-2 sessions.
Currently, manual therapy has been widespread and recognized due to a number of peculiarities:
- High efficiency;
- Rapid appearance of results;
- Treatment without surgery and use of medicines;
- A small list of contraindications.
Indications for the use of manual therapy
Methods of manual therapy are effective and well-proven in the treatment of the following diseases:
- Deformation of the spine (scoliosis, kyphosis, spondylosis, etc.);
- Breach of posture;
- Displacement of vertebras and intervertebral hernia;
- Neuralgia, muscle cramps;
- Nerve pinching;
- Radicals, lumbago;
- Consequences of spinal injury and craniocerebral trauma;
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Diseases of the internal organs.
This list, of course, is far from complete. Methods of manual therapy are universal and widely used. It is important to note that the use of manual therapy techniques can only a specialist doctor (for example, this manuscript), which has a corresponding certified certificate.
Procedures and principle of manual therapy
During a manual therapy session a true expert uses not a standard set of actions, but an individual that is most appropriate in each particular case. The action complex is a synthesis of techniques that include: segmental massage, post-isometric relaxation, myofascial release, traction techniques, mobilization and manipulation techniques, cranio-sacral and visceral techniques.
By giving physical effects to adjacent organs (muscles, ligaments, vessels, etc.), the manual therapist restores their functions and, thus, relieves pain in the spine and joints, internal organs. Under the influence of manual therapy, the microcirculation of blood improves, thereby stimulating the nutrition of tissues, metabolism, changes in muscle tone. In the case of hernia, manual therapy can be used as an add-on to those treatments that are aimed at reducing or eliminating the hernia itself.
Manual therapy is excellent not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of diseases (especially musculoskeletal system). Its application allows to prevent the appearance and exacerbation of diseases of the spine and joints, such as osteochondrosis, scoliosis, radiculitis, intervertebral hernia, etc., or to prevent them at an early stage.
As we have already said above, techniques for manual therapy have a small list of contraindications, the list of which also depends on the qualifications of a specialist. Consequently, for a specialist of the highest category absolute contraindications for the use of manual therapy are:
- Tumors, as well as acute inflammation in the joints, the brain and the spinal cord;
- Fresh injuries of the spine and joints, fresh fractures (up to 6 months);
- Osteoporosis 3-4 degrees;
- Acute abnormalities of the internal organs, including cerebral and cardiac circulation;
- Mental illness.
In another, manual therapy is always at your service.
And a little about the history of manual therapy
Manual therapy originates from folk medicine from the earliest times. Traumatism, especially the military, has always pushed humanity to seek ways to quickly neutralize post-traumatic pain and restore motor function.
As a result, from generation to generation, successful methods of restoring the position of joints and bones were transmitted. As a result, the progenitor of manual therapy is a hardworking case, which was in demand by the end of the 19th century, until there were attempts and first works of justification and systematization of methods of treatment by the hands.
Also, the manual therapy borrowed the base and from schools of alternative medicine, which appeared in the 19th century - osteopathy and chiropractic.
In modern medicine, manual therapy, which combines the achievements of neurology, orthopedics, neurophysiology, has become attractive to many medical specialties thanks to its practical results, namely, the rapid recovery of volume of movements in the spine and joints, the disappearance of their pain, relaxation of muscles, Improvement of posture and work of internal organs.