Life with epilepsy

Jenny Labaw: Living With Epilepsy (Health And Medical Video May 2018).

The course of epilepsy depends on the type of attacks.

There are approximately 30 types of epileptic seizures. Here are the peculiarities of the course of the most common forms of the disease.

  • The symptom of a generalized convulsive assault begins suddenly, but sometimes it prevarryatsya nausea, dizziness, unpleasant sensations in the epigastric region, noise and bells in the ears. Attacks are accompanied by short-term stopping of breathing, cyanosis, bite of the tongue, involuntary urination, mydriasis with no reaction of the pupils to light. In this case, there is an asymmetry of mimic muscles, horizontal nystagmus, muscular hypotonia. After an attack, a deep sleep or a coma occurs.
  • Small seizures (absansy) come on instantly. For a short time, a person turns off consciousness. But such an attack quickly passes, is forgotten, and leaves no sense of malaise.
  • Complex absences are manifested by a sudden fall as a result of a sharp decrease in the tone of the lower extremities or accompanied by short-term rhythmic twitching of the muscles against the background of exclusion of consciousness.
  • Jackson's epilepsy begins with a spasm of the face, with the turn of the eyeballs, then convulsions pass to the limbs (upper and lower). Consciousness, as a rule, is not violated.
  • Sensitive Jackson attacks. They also appear on the background of complete consciousness in the form of numbness, tingling (paresthesia) in the face, half of the body, limbs. In some patients, sensory attacks go on in motion.
  • Kozhevnikovskaya epilepsy - these are short, limited cramps of clonical nature. Most often they capture the muscles of the upper and lower extremities, sometimes individuals, of the language. In most cases, it proceeds without loss of consciousness.
  • Epileptic seizures with psychopathic manifestations are accompanied by complicated behavioral disorders - swallowing, chewing, licking, sucking reflexes; Various disorders of the psyche, change of consciousness. In this state, disorientation in time and space and the loss of ability to abstract thinking are characteristic.
  • The myasthenic crisis is accompanied by breathing disorder, increased osteonecrosis, aphonia, dysarthria, dysphagia, muscle weakness. Paresis of the diaphragm and intercostal muscles is observed. Psychomotor agitation is soon replaced by lethargy. Patients are characterized by vegetative disorders: enlargement of the pupils, tachycardia, pulse weakness, dry skin. The paresis of the intestine develops, and the function of the pelvic organs is disturbed. There may be a decrease in blood pressure, impaired functions of vital organs. Possible fatal outcome.
  • The cholinergic crisis is accompanied by a violation of the oculomotor nerves, respiratory failure, hypotonia of the skeletal muscles. Unlike the myasthenic crisis, this type of epilepsy is characterized by increased hyperhidrosis, salivation and secretion of mucus from the bronchi, pronounced peristalsis of the intestine, the appearance of swollen abdominal pain, profuse diarrhea and frequent urination. Some patients have repeated vomiting, narrowing of the pupils, bradycardia, hypotension and muscle twitching, sometimes cramps, spasm of the throat muscles. Often there is a loss of consciousness. Death can come from breathing stops.

Epilepsy and pregnancy

Women who suffer from epilepsy can also become mothers. If you plan for pregnancy, they will follow the recommendations of the doctor, the child has all the chances to be healthy. In the case of unplanned pregnancy, self-medication can not be canceled. Sharp cessation of treatment can lead to more frequent attacks. And it will hurt the child.

Epilepsy and children

Children who suffer from epilepsy should try to lead an ordinary way of life: to study languages, to have exact science, to engage in sports, since active physical and mental activity positively affects the course of epilepsy. The best tennis lessons, badminton, some game sports. Swimming is contraindicated because of the threat of an attack in the water.

Life with epilepsy

Category Of Medical Issues: Diseases

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